WILLIAM F. DUDMAN

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Dudman, W. F. (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Canberra, Australia). Growth and extracellular polysaccharide production by Rhizobium meliloti in defined medium. J. Bacteriol. 88:640-645. 1964.-A defined medium was developed in which Rhizobium meliloti grew well in shaken flasks and produced large yields of extracellular(More)
Dudman, W. F. (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Canberra, Australia). Immune diffusion analysis of the extracellular soluble antigens of two strains of Rhizobium meliloti. J. Bacteriol. 88:782-794. 1964.-Immune diffusion techniques applied to cultures of two strains of Rhizobium meliloti grown in liquid defined medium showed the(More)
Studies of nitrogenase in cultures of the cowpea rhizobia (Rhizobium spp.) strains 32H1 and CB756 are reported. Preliminary experiments established that, even when agar cultures were grown in air, suspensions of bacteria prepared anaerobically from them were most active at low concentrations of free dissolved O2. Consequently, assays for activity used low(More)
Immunodiffusion reactions were studied with seven strains of Rhizobium japonicum and three strains of the cowpea miscellany by using antisera against eight of the strains. Most strains yielded only weak precipitin bands when untreated cell suspensions were used as antigens in the diffusions. Ultrasonic disruption or heat treatment of the cells led to(More)
Forty-eight mutants unable to reduce nitrate were isolated from "cowpea" Rhizobium sp. strain 32Hl and examined for nitrogenase activity in culture. All but two of the mutants had nitrogenase activity comparable with the parental sttain and two nitrogenase-defective strains showed alterations in their symbiotic properties. One strain was unable to nodulate(More)
A soil population of 16 Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. trifolii isolates was characterized by using three Sym (for symbiotic) plasmid-specific DNA hybridization probes: (i) an R. leguminosarum bv. trifolii-specific, repeated-sequence probe; (ii) a nifHDK gene probe, and (iii) a nod gene probe. A predominant Sym plasmid family was identified among the isolates.(More)
Acetyl and pyruvic acid groups were detected and estimated in the extracellular polysaccharides of Rhizobium trifolii and R. meliloti. Pyruvic acid was found also in the specific polysaccharide of pneumococcal type 27, and is believed to explain the cross-reactivity between antiserum to pneumococcal type 27 and these and other pyruvate-containing bacterial(More)