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TNT (2,4,6-trinitrotoluene) of explosive grade is highly toxic to marine forms that included fresh water unicellular green algae (Selenastrum capricornutum), tidepool copepods (Tigriopus californicus), and oyster larvae (Crassostrea gigas), and mutagenic to Salmonella typhimurium. On the basis of mutagenic assays carried out with a set of(More)
Three pseudomonas-like organisms have been shown to metabolically oxidize 2, 4, 6-trinitrotoluene (TNT). Capability for this oxidative dissimilation varied with each organism. Of the three, isolate "Y" was the most proficient, isolate "I" was less, and isolate "II" was the least. For accelerated TNT degradation, addition of glucose or a nitrogenous(More)
In investigating the stress effects of chilling (2-3 degrees C) and hypothermia (2-3 degrees C drop in body core temperature mediated by exposure to hyperbaric helium-oxygen atmosphere) on mouse resistance to "influenza," it was noted that these stresses adversely affected the course of pulmonary infection produced by aerosols of the NWS strain of influenza(More)
A strain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa reduced 2,4,6-trinitrophenol (picric acid) to 2-amino-4,6-dinitrophenol (picramic acid) under anaerobic conditions. Mutagenic assays of picric acid and picramic acid were carried out with histidine-requiring strains of Salmonella typhimurium. Picric acid (10 micrograms per plate) demonstrated mutagenicity (both frame shift(More)
Airborne Pasteurella pestis (A-1122) at low humidities [20 to 50% relative humidity (RH)] exhibited exponential decay when either 1% peptone or Heart Infusion Broth (HIB) was used as the diluent in the viable assay system. At higher RH values (65 and 87%), however, the 1% peptone diluent adversely affected the viability assay. In contrast, HIB as diluent(More)
Exposure of mice to exotic gaseous environments (97% helium and 3% oxygen) maintained at 20% cand 8 ATA (100 psig) increased host susceptibility to aerosol infection with klebsiella pneumoniae. The animals became ill earlier than the controls and the respiratory LD50 for the hyperbaric mice was about 50% smaller than for controls under ambient conditions.(More)