WILLIAM B. DEMORE

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Atmospheric heavy ozone is enriched in the isotopes 18O and 17O. The magnitude of this enhancement, of the order of 100%, is very large compared with that commonly known in atmospheric chemistry and geochemistry. The heavy oxygen atom in heavy ozone is therefore useful as a tracer of chemical species and pathways that involve ozone or its derived products.(More)
We propose a novel mechanism for isotopic exchange between CO2 and O3 via O(1D) + CO2 --> CO3* followed by CO3* --> CO2 + O(3P). A one-dimensional model calculation shows that this mechanism can account for the enrichment in 18O in the stratospheric CO2 observed by Gamo et al. [1989], using the heavy O3 profile observed by Mauersberger [1981]. The(More)
Relative rate experiments were used to measure ratios of chemical kinetics rate constants as a function of temperature for the reactions of OH with isobutane, isopentane, 2-methylpentane, 3-methylpentane, 2,3-dimethylbutane, 2,3-dimethylpentane, 2,4-dimethylpentane, 2,3,4-trimethylpentane, n-heptane, n-octane, cyclopentane, cyclohexane, and cycloheptane.(More)
The title reaction was studied by photolyzing mixtures of CI2 and SO2 with and without 02 present in an atmosphere of N2, using Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometry to monitor reactants and products. In the absence of oxygen, sulfur dioxide is quantitatively converted to sulfuryl chloride. With 10 to 150 Torr 02 present H2SO4 is produced as well as(More)
Rate constants and temperature dependencies for the reactions of OH with CF3OCH3 (HFOC-143a), CF2HOCF2H (HFOC-134), and CF3OCFzH (HFOC-125) were studied using a relative rate technique in the temperature range 298-393 K. The following absolute rate constants were derived: I-IFOC-143a, 1.9E-12 exp(-1555/T); HFOC-134, 1.9E-12 exp(-2006/T); HFOC-125, 4.7E-13(More)
Relative rate experiments were used to measure ratios of chemical kinetics rate constants as a function of temperature for the reactions of OH with eight fluoroethers, including CF3OCF2CHF2, CF3OCF2CHFCF3, CHF2CF2OCHF2, CF3CHFCF2OCH2CF3, (CF3)2CHOCHF2, CF2HCF2OCH2CF3, CHF2CF2OCHFCF3, and CF3CH2OCH2CF3. The temperature ranges were about 270-400 K. Each(More)
Using FTIR smog chamber techniques, k(Cl + CF3OCF2CF2H) = (2.70 +/- 0.52) x 10(-16), k(OH + CF3OCF2CF2H) = (2.26 +/- 0.18) x 10(-15), k(Cl + CF3OC(CF3)2H) = (1.58 +/- 0.27) x 10(-18) and k(OH + CF3OC(CF3)2H) = (3.26 +/- 0.95) x 10(-16) cm3 molecule(-1) s(-1) were measured. The atmospheric lifetimes of CF3OCF2CF2H and CF3OC(CF3)2H are estimated to be 27 and(More)
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