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Pompe disease (type 2 glycogenosis, acid maltase deficiency) is a disorder affecting skeletal and cardiac muscle, caused by deficiency of acid alpha-glucosidase. In 2006 enzyme therapy with recombinant human alpha-glucosidase received marketing approval based on studies in infants. Results in older children and adults are awaited. Earlier we reported on the(More)
Epilepsy and mental retardation limited to females (EFMR), caused by PCDH19 mutations, has a variable clinical expression that needs further exploration. Onset of epilepsy may be provoked by fever and can resemble Dravet syndrome. Furthermore, transmitting males have no seizures, but are reported to have rigid personalities suggesting possible autism(More)
Pompe disease is a rare neuromuscular disorder caused by deficiency of acid α-glucosidase. Treatment with recombinant human α-glucosidase recently received marketing approval based on prolonged survival of affected infants. The current open-label study was performed to evaluate the response in older children (age 5.9-15.2 years). The five patients that we(More)
BACKGROUND Benign hereditary chorea (BHC) is an autosomal dominant disorder that can be distinguished from Huntington disease by its early onset, stable or only slightly progressive course, and absence of mental deterioration. The variation in clinical features is such that its very existence has been doubted. The authors recently described the localization(More)
BACKGROUND Porencephaly (cystic cavities of the brain) is caused by perinatal vascular accidents from various causes. Several familial cases have been described and autosomal dominant inheritance linked to chromosome 13q has been suggested. COL4A1 is an essential component in basal membrane stability. Mouse mutants bearing an in-frame deletion of exon 40 of(More)
OBJECTIVE Classic infantile Pompe disease affects many tissues, including the brain. Untreated infants die within their first year. Although enzyme-replacement therapy (ERT) significantly increases survival, its potential limitation is that the drug cannot cross the blood-brain barrier. We therefore investigated long-term cognitive development in patients(More)
Familial porencephaly is a rare disorder causing motor impairment, hemiplegia, mental retardation and epilepsy in variable degrees. Two families with porencephaly and apparently dominant inheritance are reported. Brain MRI findings are reviewed and described in seven affected individuals. Most patients also show white matter abnormalities in the cerebral(More)
BACKGROUND Histiocytosis, both Langerhans and non-Langerhans cell type, can be associated with cerebellar white matter abnormalities, thought to be paraneoplastic. The associated clinical picture consists of ataxia, spasticity, and cognitive decline. Hormonal dysfunction is frequent. MRI shows cerebellar white matter abnormalities, as well as brainstem and(More)
Objective Classic infantile Pompe disease affects many tissues, including the brain. Untreated infants die within their first year. While enzyme-replacement therapy (ERT) significantly increases survival, its potential limitation is that the drug cannot cross the bloodbrain-barrier. We therefore investigated long-term cognitive development in patients(More)