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A total of 252 untrained, unacclimatized, and unanesthetized laboratory rats weighing between 485 and 545 g were fasted and either run to exhaustion at 5, 20, 23, or 26 degrees C or were restrained and heated at an ambient temperature of 41.5 degrees C. The incidence of mortality associated with a wide range of work-induced hyperthermias was compared to the(More)
To assess the lethal effects of work-induced hyperthermia on exercising animals, untrained rats were run to exhaustion at 5 and 20-26 degrees C or restrained at 41.5 degrees C. An exercise-induced core temperature of 40.4 degrees C represented a base line above which mortalities occurred. With increasing core temperature at exhaustion (between 40.4 and 43(More)
This study was undertaken to develop an anesthetized dog heatstroke model. Forty-six animals were anesthetized with pentobarbital sodium (25 mg/kg) intravenously, and maintained at an ambient temperature of (42-46 degrees C) with a water-heated blanket over 2.5-3.0 h until rectal temperatures rose to 43.0-44.5 degrees C. Animals then cooled passively until(More)
The third Canadian Arctic Human Health Assessment conducted under the Canadian Northern Contaminants Program (NCP), in association with the circumpolar Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), addresses concerns about possible adverse health effects in individuals exposed to environmental contaminants through a diet containing country foods. The(More)
A total of 171 untrained, unacclimatized, and unanesthetized rats were used to evaluate the effects of sedentary and work-induced hyperthermia on the incidence of mortality and cellular injury, 24 h postexposure. Cellular injury was defined as serum transaminase activity (SGPT and SGOT) exceeding 1,000 IU/l (heatstroke levels). Both the percent mortality(More)
Single cell suspensions of rat lymphoid and nonlymphoid tissues were fractionated on discontinuous gradients of bovine serum albumin into high density and low density subfractions. In general, accessory activity required for responses of periodate-treated T lymphocytes was recovered only in a low density population containing a small percent of the total(More)
Chemical warfare threats require the development of diverse models for the assessment of countermeasures. Human skin products, Skin2 (differentiating keratinocytes on a fibroblast-collagen matrix) and EpiDerm (differentiating keratinocytes) were exposed (2 h) to the sulfur mustard 2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide (CEES, 1-2 mg l(-1) min(-1)) in humidified air or(More)