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The aim of this investigation was to study the geographic variation in sleep complaints and to identify risk factors for sleep disturbances in three European countries: Iceland (Reykjavik), Sweden (Uppsala and Göteborg) and Belgium (Antwerp). The study involved a random population of 2,202 subjects (age 20-45 years) who participated in the European(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether asthma is associated with decreased quality of sleep and increased daytime sleepiness. The study involved a random population of 2,202 subjects supplemented by 459 subjects with suspected asthma, aged 20-45 yrs. The subjects were from Reykjavik (Iceland), Uppsala and Göteborg (Sweden) and Antwerp (Belgium),(More)
The effect of a bronchodilator in asthmatics is only partially described by changes in spirometric values since no information on regional differences can be obtained. Imaging techniques like high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) provide further information but lack detailed information on specific airway responses. The aim of the present study was to(More)
Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is increasingly applied in the respiratory domain. The ability to simulate the flow through a bifurcating tubular system has increased the insight into the internal flow dynamics and the particular characteristics of respiratory flows such as secondary motions and inertial effects. The next step in the evolution is to(More)
Determination of the apnea hypopnea index (AHI) as a measure of the severity of obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is a widely accepted methodology. However, the outcome of such a determination depends on the method used, is time consuming and insufficient for prediction of the effect of all treatment modalities. For these reasons more(More)
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is considered as a risk factor for the development of arterial hypertension, coronary artery disease (CAD), myocardial infarction and stroke. These clinical manifestations are the consequences of elevated sympathetic activity, cardiovascular variability, intrathoracic pressure changes, inflammation, oxidative stress,(More)
It is now recognized that epithelial cells lining airways and alveoli are capable of releasing various mediators, which have the potential to modulate local inflammatory reactions. The amount of the 16 kDa Clara cell protein (CC16), an inhibitor of phospholipase A2 activity produced by pulmonary epithelial cells, was measured by means of a sensitive(More)
Oxidative stress in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is considered as an important pathophysiological mechanism in acute impairment of lung function. The present study investigated whether a pulmonary oxidant-antioxidant imbalance is indicated by substantial oxidative modification of proteins in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid. Oxidatively(More)
The forced oscillation technique according to Làndsér et al. (J. Appl. Physiol. 41:101-106, 1976) was modified for use in infants. Adaptations, including a flexible tube to connect the infant to the measuring system and a bias flow to avoid rebreathing, did not influence impedance values. The linearity of the respiratory system was assessed and confirmed by(More)
AIM Only a limited number of studies, designed to establish normal values for sleep-related respiratory variables in children, have been reported, and all are non-European. The aim of this study was to expand the knowledge on normative data in children. METHODS Subjects ranging from 6 to 16 years were recruited and underwent full polysomnography. Only(More)