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  • Influence
Tobacco use in 3 billion individuals from 16 countries: an analysis of nationally representative cross-sectional household surveys
TLDR
The first wave of GATS showed high rates ofsmoking in men, early initiation of smoking in women, and low quit ratios, reinforcing the view that efforts to prevent initiation and promote cessation of tobacco use are needed to reduce associated morbidity and mortality. Expand
Use of secondary prevention drugs for cardiovascular disease in the community in high-income, middle-income, and low-income countries (the PURE Study): a prospective epidemiological survey
TLDR
Overall, few individuals with cardiovascular disease took antiplatelet drugs, β blockers, ACE inhibitors or ARBs, or statins, and use was highest in high-income countries and lowest in low- Income countries, with greatest variation in poorest countries. Expand
Comparing alcohol consumption in central and eastern Europe to other European countries.
TLDR
The population drinking levels found in central and eastern Europe are linked with higher levels of detrimental health outcomes and known effective and cost-effective programs to reduce levels of risky drinking should be implemented, which may lead to a reduction of alcohol-attributable burden of disease. Expand
Alcohol accounts for a high proportion of premature mortality in central and eastern Europe.
TLDR
Alcohol is a strong contributor to the health gap between western and central and eastern Europe, with both average volume of consumption and patterns of drinking contributing to burden of disease and injury. Expand
The burden of cancer attributable to alcohol drinking
TLDR
Although the authors' estimates are based on simplified assumptions, the burden of alcohol‐associated cancer appears to be substantial and needs to be considered when making public health recommendations on alcohol drinking. Expand
Nicotine dependence versus smoking prevalence: comparisons among countries and categories of smokers.
TLDR
Successful tobacco control may result in a higher dependence among the remaining smokers (due to selective quitting by low-dependent smokers) and the remaining highly dependent smokers may need more intensive treatment. Expand
Differences in Risk Factors for Breast Cancer Molecular Subtypes in a Population-Based Study
TLDR
Results from this study have shown that breast cancer risk factors may vary by molecular subtypes identified in expression studies, suggesting etiologic, in addition to clinical, heterogeneity of breast cancer. Expand
Associations of fats and carbohydrate intake with cardiovascular disease and mortality in 18 countries from five continents (PURE): a prospective cohort study
TLDR
High carbohydrate intake was associated with higher risk of total mortality, whereas total fat and individual types of fat were related to lower total mortality. Expand
Increase in testicular cancer incidence in six European countries: a birth cohort phenomenon.
TLDR
The increasing trend in testicular cancer risk observed for these six populations follows a birth cohort pattern and this distinct risk pattern provides a framework for the identification of specific etiologic factors. Expand
Genetic Polymorphisms in Base-Excision Repair Pathway Genes and Risk of Breast Cancer
TLDR
The results do not support that the polymorphisms evaluated in six BER pathway genes play a major role in breast carcinogenesis, particularly in Caucasian populations. Expand
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