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Prospective Study of
TLDR
The results are limited to women, and it is possible that there are sex differ-ences in the strength of association be-tweendiabetes andlargearteryinfarction, and the results are consistent with diabetes being a riskfactor forlacunar infarction.
Reproducibility and validity of a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire.
TLDR
Data indicate that a simple self-administered dietary questionnaire can provide useful information about individual nutrient intakes over a one-year period.
Reproducibility and validity of an expanded self-administered semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire among male health professionals.
TLDR
The authors assessed the reproducibility and validity of an expanded 131-item semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire used in a prospective study among 51,529 men and found that it provides a useful measure of intake for many nutrients over a one-year period.
Alternative dietary indices both strongly predict risk of chronic disease.
TLDR
The findings suggest that closer adherence to the 2005 Dietary Guidelines may lower risk of major chronic disease, however, the AHEI-2010, which included additional dietary information, was more strongly associated with chronic disease risk, particularly CHD and diabetes.
Dietary fiber, glycemic load, and risk of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in women.
TLDR
The hypothesis that diets with a high glycemic load and a low cereal fiber content increase risk of diabetes in women is supported and grains should be consumed in a minimally refined form to reduce the incidence of diabetes.
Development and validation of a food frequency questionnaire in Spain.
TLDR
To create a suitable instrument to estimate intakes of total calories, protein, carbohydrate, fats, alcohol, cholesterol, fibre, vitamin A and vitamin C in epidemiological studies conducted in Spain, a food frequency questionnaire was developed and tested.
Adjustment for total energy intake in epidemiologic studies.
TLDR
Several disease-risk models and formulations of these models are available to account for energy intake in epidemiologic analyses, including adjustment of nutrient intakes for total energy intake by regression analysis and addition of total energy to a model with the nutrient density.
Trans fatty acids and cardiovascular disease.
TLDR
The authors consider the feasibility and potential implications of reducing or eliminating the consumption of trans fatty acids from partially hydrogenated vegetable oils in the United States.
A genome-wide association study identifies alleles in FGFR2 associated with risk of sporadic postmenopausal breast cancer
TLDR
Four SNPs in intron 2 of FGFR2 (which encodes a receptor tyrosine kinase and is amplified or overexpressed in some breast cancers) that were highly associated with breast cancer were identified and confirmed in 1,776 affected individuals and 2,072 controls from three additional studies.
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