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Kepler Planet-Detection Mission: Introduction and First Results
The planetary findings derived from the first six weeks of observations with the Kepler mission are summarized, which include the detection of five new exoplanets, which confirm the existence of planets with densities substantially lower than those predicted for gas giant planets.
Characteristics of planetary candidates observed by Kepler, II: Analysis of the first four months of data
On 2011 February 1 the Kepler mission released data for 156,453 stars observed from the beginning of the science observations on 2009 May 2 through September 16. There are 1235 planetary candidates…
A closely packed system of low-mass, low-density planets transiting Kepler-11
Kepler spacecraft observations of a single Sun-like star are reported that reveal six transiting planets, five with orbital periods between 10 and 47 days and a sixth planet with a longer period, among the smallest for which mass and size have both been measured.
Planet Occurrence within 0.25 AU of Solar-Type Stars from Kepler
We report the distribution of planets as a function of planet radius, orbital period, and stellar effective temperature for orbital periods less than 50 days around solar-type (GK) stars. These…
Kepler-16: A Transiting Circumbinary Planet
The detection of a planet whose orbit surrounds a pair of low-mass stars, comparable to Saturn in mass and size and on a nearly circular 229-day orbit around its two parent stars, suggests that the planet formed within a circumbinary disk.
KEPLER ECLIPSING BINARY STARS. I. CATALOG AND PRINCIPAL CHARACTERIZATION OF 1879 ECLIPSING BINARIES IN THE FIRST DATA RELEASE
The Kepler space mission is devoted to finding Earth-size planets orbiting other stars in their habitable zones. Its large, 105 deg2 field of view features over 156,000 stars that are observed…
KEPLER'S FIRST ROCKY PLANET: KEPLER-10b*
NASA's Kepler Mission uses transit photometry to determine the frequency of Earth-size planets in or near the habitable zone of Sun-like stars. The mission reached a milestone toward meeting that…
KEPLER ECLIPSING BINARY STARS. II. 2165 ECLIPSING BINARIES IN THE SECOND DATA RELEASE
The Kepler Mission provides nearly continuous monitoring of ~156,000 objects with unprecedented photometric precision. Coincident with the first data release, we presented a catalog of 1879 eclipsing…
Masses, Radii, and Orbits of Small Kepler Planets: The Transition From Gaseous to Rocky Planets
We report on the masses, sizes, and orbits of the planets orbiting 22 Kepler stars. There are 49 planet candidates around these stars, including 42 detected through transits and 7 revealed by precise…
Transiting circumbinary planets Kepler-34 b and Kepler-35 b
The observed rate of circumbinary planets in this sample implies that more than ∼1% of close binary stars have giant planets in nearly coplanar orbits, yielding a Galactic population of at least several million.