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Coal Smoke and Mortality in an Early Industrial Economy
Air pollution was severe in the nineteenth century, yet its health consequences are often overlooked due to a lack of pollution data. We offer a new approach for inferring local coal use levels basedExpand
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Necessity is the Mother of Invention: Input Supplies and Directed Technical Change
This study provides causal evidence that a shock to the relative supply of inputs to production can (1) affect the direction of technological progress and (2) lead to a rebound in the relative priceExpand
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Recessions , Mortality , and Migration Bias : Evidence from the Lancashire Cotton Famine ∗ Vellore
We examine the health effects of the Lancashire Cotton Famine, a sharp downturn in the cotton textile manufacturing regions of Britain induced by the U.S. Civil War. This is a setting characterizedExpand
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Pollution and Mortality in the 19th Century
Mortality was extremely high in the industrial cities of the 19th century, but little is known about the role played by pollution in generating this pattern, due largely to a lack of direct pollutionExpand
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Do Better Monitoring Institutions Increase Leadership Quality in Community Organizations? Evidence from Uganda.
We offer a framework for analyzing the impact of monitoring --- a commonly recommended solution to poor leadership --- on the quality of democratically elected leaders in community organizations inExpand
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Agglomeration: A long-run panel data approach
This paper studies the sources of agglomeration economies in cities. We begin by incorporating within and cross-industry spillovers into a dynamic spatial equilibrium model in order to obtain a panelExpand
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Coal Smoke and the Costs of the Industrial Revolution
While the Industrial Revolution brought economic growth, there is a long debate in economics over the costs of the pollution externalities that accompanied early industrialization. To help settleExpand
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Endogenous City Disamenities : Lessons from Industrial Pollution in 19 th Century Britain ∗
Growing industries create jobs and attract workers to cities, but they may also generate pollution, an endogenous disamenity that drives workers and firms away. Separating these positive and negativeExpand
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