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A higher-level phylogenetic classification of the Fungi.
A comprehensive phylogenetic classification of the kingdom Fungi is proposed, with reference to recent molecular phylogenetic analyses, and with input from diverse members of the fungal taxonomicExpand
Reconstructing the early evolution of Fungi using a six-gene phylogeny
TLDR
It is indicated that there may have been at least four independent losses of the flagellum in the kingdom Fungi, and the enigmatic microsporidia seem to be derived from an endoparasitic chytrid ancestor similar to Rozella allomycis, on the earliest diverging branch of the fungal phylogenetic tree. Expand
The Ascomycota tree of life: a phylum-wide phylogeny clarifies the origin and evolution of fundamental reproductive and ecological traits.
TLDR
A 6-gene, 420-species maximum-likelihood phylogeny of Ascomycota, the largest phylum of Fungi, and a phylogenetic informativeness analysis of all 6 genes and a series of ancestral character state reconstructions support a terrestrial, saprobic ecology as ancestral are presented. Expand
A five-gene phylogeny of Pezizomycotina.
TLDR
Pezizomycotina is the largest subphylum of Ascomycota and includes the vast majority of filamentous, ascoma-producing species, and the seven remaining classes formed a monophyletic group that corresponds to Leotiomyceta. Expand
A rock-inhabiting ancestor for mutualistic and pathogen-rich fungal lineages
TLDR
The rock-dwelling habit is shown here to be key to the evolution of these two ecologically disparate orders, as it facilitated colonisation of various substrates including the brains of vertebrates by opportunistic fungal pathogens, as well as helped establishment of a stable lichen symbiosis. Expand
The Ajellomycetaceae, a new family of vertebrate-associated Onygenales
TLDR
A new family is proposed, Ajellomycetaceae, based on molecular data and on morphological and physiological similarities among these taxa that are saprobic and pathogenic vertebrate-associated taxa distinguished by their globose ascomata with coiled appendages, muricate globose or oblate ascospores, and lack of keratinolytic activity. Expand
Novel Evolutionary Lineages Revealed in the Chaetothyriales (Fungi) Based on Multigene Phylogenetic Analyses and Comparison of ITS Secondary Structure
TLDR
Morphological characteristics, structural data and phylogenetic analyses of three datasets, i.e., ITS, ITS-β-tubulin and 28S-18S-rpb2-mcm7, define a robust clade containing eight species of Cyphellophora and six species of Phialophora, a novel evolutionary lineage within the Chaetothyriales. Expand
Genotypic variation in Penicillium chysogenum from indoor environments
TLDR
The dominant clade included more than 90% of house isolates in addition to the notable laboratory contaminant isolated by Alexander Fleming in 1929 in Britain, confirming the rarity of this fungus in outdoor air. Expand
Molecular systematics of the Herpotrichiellaceae with an assessment of the phylogenetic positions of Exophiala dermatitidis and Phialophora americana
Despite a significant body of evidence in support of the close phylogenetic relationship of species of Capronia (Herpotrichiellaceae) and black yeasts belonging to or allied with the genus ExophialaExpand
Determination of keratin degradation by fungi using keratin azure.
Azure dye-impregnated sheep's wool keratin (keratin azure) was incorporated in a high pH medium and overlaid on a keratin-free basal medium. The release and diffusion of the azure dye into the lowerExpand
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