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Climate change impacts on marine ecosystems.
In marine ecosystems, rising atmospheric CO2 and climate change are associated with concurrent shifts in temperature, circulation, stratification, nutrient input, oxygen content, and ocean
Global imprint of climate change on marine life
Research that combines all available studies of biological responses to regional and global climate change shows that 81–83% of all observations were consistent with the expected impacts of climate
The Pace of Shifting Climate in Marine and Terrestrial Ecosystems
Two measures of thermal shifts from analyses of global temperatures over the past 50 years are used to describe the pace of climate change that species should track: the velocity ofClimate change (geographic shifts of isotherms over time) and the shift in seasonal timing of temperatures.
Global Seabird Response to Forage Fish Depletion—One-Third for the Birds
A threshold in prey abundance is identified below which seabirds experience consistently reduced and more variable productivity and provides an indicator of the minimal forage fish biomass needed to sustain seabird productivity over the long term.
Influence of Trophic Position and Feeding Location on Contaminant Levels in the Gulf of the Farallones Food Web Revealed by Stable Isotope Analysis
A novel method of using egg albumen to determine stable isotope values was used and the values of δ13C and δ15N were consistant with a pelagic/offshore vs benthic/inshore results found in other studies.
Responses of Marine Organisms to Climate Change across Oceans
Climate change is driving changes in the physical and chemical properties of the ocean that have consequences for marine ecosystems. Here, we review evidence for the responses of marine life to
A review of human disturbance effects on nesting colonial waterbirds
-We reviewed 64 published investigations concerning effects of human disturbance on nesting colonial waterbirds. We summarized and reviewed articles, based on taxonomy, examining investigator,
Climate change and wind intensification in coastal upwelling ecosystems
Overall, reported changes in coastal winds, although subtle and spatially variable, support Bakun’s hypothesis of upwelling intensification in eastern boundary current systems.
Geographical limits to species-range shifts are suggested by climate velocity
Using the velocity of climate change to derive spatial trajectories for climatic niches from 1960 to 2009 and from 2006 to 2100 is used to infer changes in species distributions and gives global and regional maps of the expected direction and rate of shifts of climate migrants, and suggests areas of potential loss of species richness.
Quantitative approaches in climate change ecology
A review of the marine climate change literature and suggestions for quantitative approaches in climate change ecology are provided, which help advance global knowledge of climate impacts and understanding of the processes driving ecological change.