• Publications
  • Influence
On the earliest evidence for habitual use of fire in Europe
  • W. Roebroeks, P. Villa
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 14 March 2011
The review of the European evidence suggests that early hominins moved into northern latitudes without the habitual use of fire, and the increase in the number of sites with good evidence of fire throughout the Late Pleistocene shows that European Neandertals had fire management not unlike that documented for Upper Paleolithic groups.
An Asian perspective on early human dispersal from Africa
It is shown here that it is time to develop alternatives to one of palaeoanthropology's most basic paradigms: ‘Out of Africa 1’.
Hominid behaviour and the earliest occupation of Europe: an exploration.
  • W. Roebroeks
  • Environmental Science
    Journal of human evolution
  • 1 November 2001
A behavioural scenario is developed which suggests that, at its latest by the Middle Pleistocene, increased forms of social cooperation, exchange of information within larger groups and in general forms of behaviour based on a "release from proximity" had become a standard ingredient of the hominid behavioural repertoire.
Pleistocene Rhine–Thames landscapes: geological background for hominin occupation of the southern North Sea region
This paper links research questions in Quaternary geology with those in Palaeolithic archaeology. A detailed geological reconstruction of The Netherlands' south‐west offshore area provides a
The earliest colonization of Europe : the short chronology revisited
Long-running discussions about when Europe was first colonized have recently been fuelled by new discoveries from the Iberian peninsula, which reports hominid occupation by 800,000, or even by 1.8
The human colonisation of Europe: where are we?
This paper focuses on the earlier parts of the human colonisation of Europe and its wider setting and addresses the two basic tasks of archaeologists working in this field: (1) to identify the
Use of red ochre by early Neandertals
Identification of the Maastricht-Belvédère finds as hematite pushes the use of red ochre by (early) Neandertals back in time significantly, to minimally 200–250 kya (i.e., to the same time range as the early o chre use in the African record).