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On the earliest evidence for habitual use of fire in Europe
The timing of the human control of fire is a hotly debated issue, with claims for regular fire use by early hominins in Africa at ∼1.6 million y ago. These claims are not uncontested, but mostExpand
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An Asian perspective on early human dispersal from Africa
The past decade has seen the Pliocene and Pleistocene fossil hominin record enriched by the addition of at least ten new taxa, including the Early Pleistocene, small-brained hominins from Dmanisi,Expand
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Hominid behaviour and the earliest occupation of Europe: an exploration.
  • W. Roebroeks
  • History, Medicine
  • Journal of human evolution
  • 1 November 2001
The last decade has witnessed a heated debate over the age and the character of the earliest occupation of Europe. This paper addresses two aspects of the debate, one dealing with the chronology ofExpand
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Pleistocene Rhine–Thames landscapes: geological background for hominin occupation of the southern North Sea region
This paper links research questions in Quaternary geology with those in Palaeolithic archaeology. A detailed geological reconstruction of The Netherlands' south-west offshore area provides aExpand
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The earliest colonization of Europe : the short chronology revisited
Long-running discussions about when Europe was first colonized have recently been fuelled by new discoveries from the Iberian peninsula, which reports hominid occupation by 800,000, or even by 1.8Expand
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The fragmented character of Middle Palaeolithic stone tool technology.
The importance of the transport of stone artefacts in structuring Neandertal lithic assemblages has often been addressed, but the degree to which this led to fragmentation of lithic reduction overExpand
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The human colonisation of Europe: where are we?
This paper focuses on the earlier parts of the human colonisation of Europe and its wider setting and addresses the two basic tasks of archaeologists working in this field: (1) to identify theExpand
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Adults only. Reindeer hunting at the middle palaeolithic site salzgitter lebenstedt, northern Germany.
The Middle Palaeolithic site Salzgitter Lebenstedt (northern Germany), excavated in 1952, is well known because of its well-preserved faunal remains, dominated by adult reindeer (Rangifer tarandus).Expand
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Use of red ochre by early Neandertals
The use of manganese and iron oxides by late Neandertals is well documented in Europe, especially for the period 60–40 kya. Such finds often have been interpreted as pigments even though their exactExpand
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