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The effect of spironolactone on morbidity and mortality in patients with severe heart failure. Randomized Aldactone Evaluation Study Investigators.
BACKGROUND AND METHODS Aldosterone is important in the pathophysiology of heart failure. In a doubleblind study, we enrolled 1663 patients who had severe heart failure and a left ventricular ejectionExpand
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Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of chronic heart failure: executive summary (update 2005): The Task Force for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Chronic Heart Failure of the European Society
ESC Committee for Practice Guidelines (CPG), Silvia G. Priori (Chairperson) (Italy), Jean-Jacques Blanc (France), Andrzej Budaj (Poland), John Camm (UK), Veronica Dean (France), Jaap Deckers (TheExpand
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Eplerenone, a Selective Aldosterone Blocker, in Patients with Left Ventricular Dysfunction after Myocardial Infarction
background Aldosterone blockade reduces mortality and morbidity among patients with severe heart failure. We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluating the effect of eplerenone, aExpand
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Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of chronic heart failure.
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Hemodynamic and neurohumoral effects of continuous infusion of levosimendan in patients with congestive heart failure.
OBJECTIVES We sought to define the therapeutic dose range of levosimendan in patients with New York Heart Association class II-IV heart failure of ischemic origin. BACKGROUND Levosimendan is aExpand
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[Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of chronic heart failure: executive summary (update 2005)].
Guias de Practica Clinica sobre el diagnostico y tratamiento de la insuficiencia cardiaca cronica. Version resumida (actualizacion 2005) [Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Chronic HeartExpand
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Comprehensive guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of chronic heart failure Task force for the diagnosis and treatment of chronic heart failure of the European Society of Cardiology
The aim of this report is to provide practical guidelines for the diagnosis, assessment and treatment of heart failure for use in clinical practice and in addition for epidemiological surveys and forExpand
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Reproducibility and relation to mean heart rate of heart rate variability in normal subjects and in patients with congestive heart failure secondary to coronary artery disease.
Before heart rate (HR) variability can be used for predictive purposes in the clinical setting, day-to-day variation and reproducibility need to be defined as do relations to mean HR. HR variabilityExpand
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