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A cognitive-affective system theory of personality: reconceptualizing situations, dispositions, dynamics, and invariance in personality structure.
A theory was proposed to reconcile paradoxical findings on the invariance of personality and the variability of behavior across situations. For this purpose, individuals were assumed to differ in (a)Expand
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A hot/cool-system analysis of delay of gratification: dynamics of willpower.
A 2-system framework is proposed for understanding the processes that enable--and undermine--self-control or "willpower" as exemplified in the delay of gratification paradigm. A cool, cognitiveExpand
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Personality and Assessment
Contents: Introduction. Consistency and Specificity in Behavior. Traits and States as Constructs. Personality Correlates. Utility. Principles of Social Behavior. Behavior Change. Assessment forExpand
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Toward a cognitive social learning reconceptualization of personality.
  • W. Mischel
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Psychological review
  • 1 July 1973
Diverse data challenge and undermine ihe central assumptions of the tradi tional trait approach to personality. The implications for conceptions of individual differences and situations in the studyExpand
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Delay of gratification in children.
To function effectively, individuals must voluntarily postpone immediate gratification and persist in goal-directed behavior for the sake of later outcomes. The present research program analyzed theExpand
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Toward an integrative science of the person.
  • W. Mischel
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Annual review of psychology
  • 12 January 2004
To build a science of the person, the most basic question was, and remains, how can one identify and understand the psychological invariance that distinctively characterizes an individual and thatExpand
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Prefrontal–striatal pathway underlies cognitive regulation of craving
The ability to control craving for substances that offer immediate rewards but whose long-term consumption may pose serious risks lies at the root of substance use disorders and is critical forExpand
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Processes in Delay of Gratification
Publisher Summary This chapter provides an overview of research on choice preferences for delayed, larger versus immediate, smaller gratifications. In spite of the widespread recognition of theExpand
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When Asking “Why” Does Not Hurt Distinguishing Rumination From Reflective Processing of Negative Emotions
Two experiments examined the psychological operations that enable individuals to process negative emotions and experiences without increasing negative affect. In Study 1, type of self-perspectiveExpand
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Reconciling processing dynamics and personality dispositions.
Developments in personality-social psychology, in social cognition, and in cognitive neuroscience have led to an emerging conception of personality dynamics and dispositions that builds on diverseExpand
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