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Arctic sea ice decline: Faster than forecast
[1] From 1953 to 2006, Arctic sea ice extent at the end of the melt season in September has declined sharply. All models participating in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change FourthExpand
Trends in Arctic sea ice extent from CMIP5, CMIP3 and observations
[1] The rapid retreat and thinning of the Arctic sea ice cover over the past several decades is one of the most striking manifestations of global climate change. Previous research revealed that theExpand
Arctic Sea Ice Extent Plummets in 2007
Arctic sea ice declined rapidly to unprecedented low extents in the summer of 2007, raising concern that the Arctic may be on the verge of a fundamental transition toward a seasonal ice cover. Expand
Tracking the Arctic's shrinking ice cover: Another extreme September minimum in 2004
[1] Satellite passive microwave observations document an overall downward trend in Arctic sea ice extent and area since 1978. While the record minimum observed in September 2002 strongly reinforcedExpand
Whither Arctic sea ice? A clear signal of decline regionally, seasonally and extending beyond the satellite record
Abstract The Arctic sea ice has been pointed to as one of the first and clearest indicators of climate change. Satellite passive microwave observations from 1979 through 2005 now indicate aExpand
Arctic sea ice in transformation: A review of recent observed changes and impacts on biology and human activity
Sea ice in the Arctic is one of the most rapidly changing components of the global climate system. Over the past few decades, summer areal extent has declined over 30%, and all months showExpand
Comparison of passive microwave ice concentration algorithm retrievals with AVHRR imagery in arctic peripheral seas
  • W. Meier
  • Environmental Science, Computer Science
  • IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote…
  • 23 May 2005
Compared with concentrations computed from Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) visible and infrared imagery, results indicate that CV and N2 have the smallest mean error relative to AVHRR, and spatial resolution is likely a limiting factor of SSM/I in regions near the ice edge in that none of the algorithms satisfactorily resolve mixed pixels. Expand
Variability and trends in the Arctic Sea ice cover: Results from different techniques
Variability and trend studies of sea ice in the Arctic have been conducted using products derived from the same raw passive microwave data but by different groups using different algorithms. ThisExpand
Arctic Sea Ice Decline
The Arctic is currently undergoing rapid environmental changes (ACIA, 2005; IPCC, 2007). One of the most striking of these changes is the decline in the floating sea ice cover. Sea ice is frozen seaExpand
A review of recent changes in Southern Ocean sea ice, their drivers and forcings
Abstract Over the past 37 years, satellite records show an increase in Antarctic sea ice cover that is most pronounced in the period of sea ice growth. This trend is dominated by increased sea iceExpand