• Publications
  • Influence
Adaptation of Sindbis Virus to BHK Cells Selects for Use of Heparan Sulfate as an Attachment Receptor
ABSTRACT Attachment of Sindbis virus to the cell surface glycosaminoglycan heparan sulfate (HS) and the selection of this phenotype by cell culture adaptation were investigated. Virus (TR339) wasExpand
  • 376
  • 31
  • PDF
2′-O methylation of the viral mRNA cap evades host restriction by IFIT family members
Cellular messenger RNA (mRNA) of higher eukaryotes and many viral RNAs are methylated at the N-7 and 2′-O positions of the 5′ guanosine cap by specific nuclear and cytoplasmic methyltransferasesExpand
  • 546
  • 23
Mutations in the E2 glycoprotein of Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus confer heparan sulfate interaction, low morbidity, and rapid clearance from blood of mice.
The arbovirus, Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEE), causes disease in humans and equines during periodic outbreaks. A murine model, which closely mimics the encephalitic form of the disease,Expand
  • 196
  • 17
Alpha/Beta Interferon Protects Adult Mice from Fatal Sindbis Virus Infection and Is an Important Determinant of Cell and Tissue Tropism
ABSTRACT Infection of adult 129 Sv/Ev mice with consensus Sindbis virus strain TR339 is subclinical due to an inherent restriction in early virus replication and viremic dissemination. By comparingExpand
  • 229
  • 16
  • PDF
Identification and Characterization of Interferon-Induced Proteins That Inhibit Alphavirus Replication
ABSTRACT Alpha/beta interferon (IFN-α/β) produces antiviral effects through upregulation of many interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs) whose protein products are effectors of the antiviral state.Expand
  • 218
  • 16
DC-SIGN and L-SIGN Can Act as Attachment Receptors for Alphaviruses and Distinguish between Mosquito Cell- and Mammalian Cell-Derived Viruses
C-type lectins such as DC-SIGN and L-SIGN, which bind mannose-enriched carbohydrate modifications of host and pathogen proteins, have been shown to bind glycoproteins of several viruses andExpand
  • 208
  • 14
A Mouse Model for Studying Viscerotropic Disease Caused by Yellow Fever Virus Infection
Mosquito-borne yellow fever virus (YFV) causes highly lethal, viscerotropic disease in humans and non-human primates. Despite the availability of efficacious live-attenuated vaccine strains, 17D-204Expand
  • 103
  • 14
  • PDF
Infection of Neonatal Mice with Sindbis Virus Results in a Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome
ABSTRACT Laboratory strains of viruses may contain cell culture-adaptive mutations which result in significant quantitative and qualitative alterations in pathogenesis compared to natural virusExpand
  • 92
  • 10
  • PDF
Mxra8 is a receptor for multiple arthritogenic alphaviruses
Arthritogenic alphaviruses comprise a group of enveloped RNA viruses that are transmitted to humans by mosquitoes and cause debilitating acute and chronic musculoskeletal disease1. The host factorsExpand
  • 92
  • 10
Host responses to alphavirus infection
Summary: Members of the Alphavirus genus are classified into New World and Old World groups based upon their disease characteristics and primary areas of endemicity. The two groups exhibit noteworthyExpand
  • 137
  • 9