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Global imprint of climate change on marine life
Research that combines all available studies of biological responses to regional and global climate change shows that 81–83% of all observations were consistent with the expected impacts of climate…
The Pace of Shifting Climate in Marine and Terrestrial Ecosystems
Two measures of thermal shifts from analyses of global temperatures over the past 50 years are used to describe the pace of climate change that species should track: the velocity ofClimate change (geographic shifts of isotherms over time) and the shift in seasonal timing of temperatures.
The Chicxulub Asteroid Impact and Mass Extinction at the Cretaceous-Paleogene Boundary
Records of the global stratigraphy across this boundary are synthesized to assess the proposed causes of the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary and conclude that the Chicxulub impact triggered the mass extinction.
The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification
The geological record contains long-term evidence for a variety of global environmental perturbations, including ocean acidification plus their associated biotic responses, over the past ~300 million years of Earth’s history.
Phanerozoic Trends in the Global Diversity of Marine Invertebrates
It has previously been thought that there was a steep Cretaceous and Cenozoic radiation of marine invertebrates. This pattern can be replicated with a new data set of fossil occurrences representing…
Geologic and Biologic Controls on the Evolution of Reefs
- W. Kiessling
- Environmental Science, Geography
- 6 February 2009
Biological factors affecting spatial competition are probably more important than geologic controls on reef evolution and long-term climate change seems to influence the biotic composition of reefs, but neither climate nor sea-level nor chemical changes in the oceans can elucidate the waxing and waning of reefs.
Secular Variations in the Phanerozoic Reef Ecosystem
- W. Kiessling
- Environmental Science
Patterns of Phanerozoic carbonate platform sedimentation
Carbonate platforms changed substantially in spatial extent, geometry, composition and palaeogeographical distribution through the Phanerozoic. Although reef construction and carbonate platform…
Geographical limits to species-range shifts are suggested by climate velocity
Using the velocity of climate change to derive spatial trajectories for climatic niches from 1960 to 2009 and from 2006 to 2100 is used to infer changes in species distributions and gives global and regional maps of the expected direction and rate of shifts of climate migrants, and suggests areas of potential loss of species richness.
Paleoreef maps; evaluation of a comprehensive database on Phanerozoic reefs
To get a better understanding of controls on reef development through time, we created a comprehensive database on Phanerozoic reefs. The database currently comprises 2470 reefs and contains…