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Bose-Einstein condensation
In 1924 the Indian physicist Satyendra Nath Bose sent Einstein a paper in which he derived the Planck law for black-body radiation by treating the photons as a gas of identical particles. EinsteinExpand
Bose-Einstein condensation
When a gas of bosonic particles is cooled below a critical temperature, it condenses into a Bose-Ei…
Bose-Einstein Condensation in a Gas of Sodium Atoms
The striking signature of Bose condensation was the sudden appearance of a bimodal velocity distribution below the critical temperature of ~2µK. Expand
Making, probing and understanding Bose-Einstein condensates
Contribution to the proceedings of the 1998 Enrico Fermi summer school on Bose-Einstein condensation in Varenna, Italy.
Observation of Vortex Lattices in Bose-Einstein Condensates
The observation of dislocations, irregular structure, and dynamics indicates that gaseous Bose-Einstein condensates may be a model system for the study of vortex matter. Expand
Observation of Interference Between Two Bose Condensates
It is demonstrated that Bose condensed atoms are “laser-like”; that is, they are coherent and show long-range correlations and have direct implications for the atom laser and the Josephson effect for atoms. Expand
Evaporative Cooling of Trapped Atoms
Publisher Summary This chapter focuses on the concept of evaporative cooling of trapped neutral atoms. The recent observations of Bose–Einstein condensation have shown dramatically the potential ofExpand
Observation of Feshbach resonances in a Bose–Einstein condensate
It has long been predicted that the scattering of ultracold atoms can be altered significantly through a so-called ‘Feshbach resonance’. Two such resonances have now been observed in opticallyExpand
Realizing the Harper Hamiltonian with laser-assisted tunneling in optical lattices.
The Harper Hamiltonian for neutral particles in optical lattices is implemented using laser-assisted tunneling and a potential energy gradient provided by gravity or magnetic field gradients to describe the motion of charged particles in strong magnetic fields. Expand
Observation of bose-einstein condensation of molecules
Bose-Einstein condensation of molecules is observed, created from a spin mixture of fermionic 6Li atoms, and realizes the limit of tightly bound fermion pairs in the crossover between BCS and BEC superfluidity. Expand