General Cardiovascular Risk Profile for Use in Primary Care: The Framingham Heart Study
A sex-specific multivariable risk factor algorithm can be conveniently used to assess general CVD risk and risk of individual CVD events (coronary, cerebrovascular, and peripheral arterial disease and heart failure) and can be used to quantify risk and to guide preventive care.
Atrial fibrillation as an independent risk factor for stroke: the Framingham Study.
The data suggest that the elderly are particularly vulnerable to stroke when atrial fibrillation is present, and the effects of hypertension, coronary heart disease, and cardiac failure on the risk of stroke became progressively weaker with increasing age.
High density lipoprotein as a protective factor against coronary heart disease. The Framingham Study.
Obesity and the risk of heart failure.
Cardiovascular disease risk profiles.
Prevalence, incidence, prognosis, and predisposing conditions for atrial fibrillation: population-based estimates.
Prognostic implications of echocardiographically determined left ventricular mass in the Framingham Heart Study.
- D. Levy, R. Garrison, D. Savage, W. Kannel, W. Castelli
- Medicine, BiologyNew England Journal of Medicine
- 31 May 1990
The estimation of left ventricular mass by echocardiography offers prognostic information beyond that provided by the evaluation of traditional cardiovascular risk factors, and it is concluded that an increase in left Ventricular mass predicts a higher incidence of clinical events, including death, attributable to cardiovascular disease.
Epidemiologic features of chronic atrial fibrillation: the Framingham study.
The development of chronic atrial fibrillation was associated with a doubling of overall mortality and of mortality from cardiovascular disease and among the risk factors for cardiovascular disease, diabetes and electrocardiographic evidence of left ventricular hypertrophy were related to the occurrence of atrialfibrillation.
An updated coronary risk profile. A statement for health professionals.
Using a simple worksheet, a patient's 5- and 10-year CHD risks can be estimated. The components of the profile were selected because they are objective and strongly and independently related to CHD…
Overweight and obesity as determinants of cardiovascular risk: the Framingham experience.
- P. Wilson, R. D'Agostino, L. Sullivan, H. Parise, W. Kannel
- MedicineArchives of Internal Medicine
- 9 September 2002
The overweight category is associated with increased relative and population attributable risk for hypertension and cardiovascular sequelae and interventions to reduce adiposity and avoid excess weight may have large effects on the development of risk factors and cardiovascular disease at an individual and population level.