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The global diversity of birds in space and time
- W. Jetz, G. Thomas, J. Joy, K. Hartmann, A. Mooers
- Environmental Science, BiologyNature
- 31 October 2012
It is found that birds have undergone a strong increase in diversification rate from about 50 million years ago to the near present, with a number of significant rate increases, both within songbirds and within other young and mostly temperate radiations including the waterfowl, gulls and woodpeckers.
Methods to account for spatial autocorrelation in the analysis of species distributional data : a review
Species distributional or trait data based on range map (extent-of-occurrence) or atlas survey data often display spatial autocorrelation, i.e. locations close to each other exhibit more similar…
EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals
- H. Wilman, J. Belmaker, J. Simpson, C. Rosa, M. Rivadeneira, W. Jetz
- Environmental Science
- 1 July 2014
A global species-level compilation of key attributes for all 9993 and 5400 extant bird and mammal species derived from key literature sources enables a much finer distinction of species' foraging ecology than typical categorical guild assignments allow.
A framework for delineating biogeographical regions based on species distributions
A methodological roadmap for species-level biogeographical regionalizations at the global scale is developed and illustrated and it is proposed that this sort of new, quantitative delineation and relationship assessment across taxonomic and geographical grains is likely to offer opportunities for more rigorous inference in historical and ecological biogeography and conservation.
Global patterns and determinants of vascular plant diversity
This work investigates the global-scale species-richness pattern of vascular plants and examines its environmental and potential historical determinants, highlighting that different hypotheses about the causes of diversity gradients are not mutually exclusive, but likely act synergistically with water–energy dynamics playing a dominant role.
Global patterns and predictors of marine biodiversity across taxa
Two major patterns emerged: coastal species showed maximum diversity in the Western Pacific, whereas oceanic groups consistently peaked across broad mid-latitudinal bands in all oceans, and changes in ocean temperature, in conjunction with other human impacts, may ultimately rearrange the global distribution of life in the ocean.
The effects of species’ range sizes on the accuracy of distribution models: ecological phenomenon or statistical artefact?
Summary 1 Conservation scientists and resource managers increasingly employ empirical distribution models to aid decision-making. However, such models are not equally reliable for all species,…
Projected Impacts of Climate and Land-Use Change on the Global Diversity of Birds
Although climate change will severely affect biodiversity, in the near future, land-use change in tropical countries may lead to yet greater species loss, so a vastly expanded reserve network in the tropics will be needed to minimize global extinctions.
Terrestrial animal tracking as an eye on life and planet
It is suggested that a golden age of animal tracking science has begun and that the upcoming years will be a time of unprecedented exciting discoveries.
A global assessment of endemism and species richness across island and mainland regions
- G. Kier, H. Kreft, W. Barthlott
- Environmental ScienceProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 9 June 2009
This work quantifies geographic patterns of endemism-scaled richness (“endemism richness”) of vascular plants across 90 terrestrial biogeographic regions, including islands, worldwide and evaluates their congruence with terrestrial vertebrates.