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Competency-based medical education: theory to practice
Although competency-based medical education (CBME) has attracted renewed interest in recent years among educators and policy-makers in the health care professions, there is little agreement on manyExpand
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Charting the road to competence: developmental milestones for internal medicine residency training.
BACKGROUND The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) Outcome Project requires that residency program directors objectively document that their residents achieve competence in 6Expand
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Opening the black box of clinical skills assessment via observation: a conceptual model
Medical Education 2011: 45: 1048–1060
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Competency-based medical education in postgraduate medical education
With the introduction of Tomorrow's Doctors in 1993, medical education began the transition from a time- and process-based system to a competency-based training framework. ImplementingExpand
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Identifying entrustable professional activities in internal medicine training.
BACKGROUND Entrustable professional activities (EPAs) can form the foundation of competency-based assessment in medical training, focused on performance of discipline-specific core clinicalExpand
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Educational milestone development in the first 7 specialties to enter the next accreditation system.
BACKGROUND The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) Outcome Project introduced 6 general competencies relevant to medical practice but fell short of its goal to create aExpand
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Entrustment Decision Making in Clinical Training
The decision to trust a medical trainee with the critical responsibility to care for a patient is fundamental to clinical training. When carefully and deliberately made, such decisions can serve asExpand
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The Internal Medicine Reporting Milestones and the Next Accreditation System
The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) developed the Milestones Project to facilitate more synthetic and narrative-based assessments of educational outcomes. This commenta...
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Understanding trust as an essential element of trainee supervision and learning in the workplace
Clinical supervision requires that supervisors make decisions about how much independence to allow their trainees for patient care tasks. The simultaneous goals of ensuring quality patient care andExpand
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Reconceptualizing variable rater assessments as both an educational and clinical care problem.
The public is calling for the U.S. health care and medical education system to be accountable for ensuring high-quality, safe, effective, patient-centered care. As medical education shifts to aExpand
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