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Constraints on future changes in climate and the hydrologic cycle
It will be substantially harder to quantify the range of possible changes in the hydrologic cycle than in global-mean temperature, both because the observations are less complete and because the physical constraints are weaker. Expand
A new method for diagnosing radiative forcing and climate sensitivity
[1] We describe a new method for evaluating the radiative forcing, the climate feedback parameter (W m−2 K−1) and hence the effective climate sensitivity from any GCM experiment in which the climateExpand
The HadGEM2-ES implementation of CMIP5 centennial simulations
Abstract. The scientific understanding of the Earth's climate system, including the central question of how the climate system is likely to respond to human-induced perturbations, is comprehensivelyExpand
Anthropogenic climate change for 1860 to 2100 simulated with the HadCM3 model under updated emissions scenarios
Abstract. In this study we examine the anthropogenically forced climate response over the historical period, 1860 to present, and projected response to 2100, using updated emissions scenarios and anExpand
How Well Do We Understand and Evaluate Climate Change Feedback Processes
Processes in the climate system that can either amplify or dampen the climate response to an external perturbation are referred to as climate feedbacks. Climate sensitivity estimates dependExpand
The HadGEM2 family of Met Office Unified Model climate configurations
Abstract. We describe the HadGEM2 family of climate configurations of the Met Office Unified Model, MetUM. The concept of a model "family" comprises a range of specific model configurationsExpand
The new hadley centre climate model (HadGEM1) : Evaluation of coupled simulations
Abstract A new coupled general circulation climate model developed at the Met Office's Hadley Centre is presented, and aspects of its performance in climate simulations run for the IntergovernmentalExpand
Time Variation of Effective Climate Sensitivity in GCMs
Abstract Effective climate sensitivity is often assumed to be constant (if uncertain), but some previous studies of general circulation model (GCM) simulations have found it varying as the simulationExpand
Radiative forcing by well-mixed greenhouse gases: Estimates from climate models in the Intergovernme
The radiative effects from increased concentrations of well-mixed greenhouse gases (WMGHGs) represent the most significant and best understood anthropogenic forcing of the climate system. The mostExpand
Climate change scenarios for global impacts studies
We describe a set of global climate change scenarios that have been used in a series of studies investigating the global impacts of climate change on several environmental systems and resources —Expand