• Publications
  • Influence
Remembering in conversations: the social sharing and reshaping of memories.
TLDR
This work addresses influences on listeners' memory through social contagion, resistance to such influences, and then retrieval/reexposure effects on either speaker or listener, with a focus on retrieval-induced forgetting.
Flashbulb Memories.
TLDR
It is argued that FBMs do not require special memory mechanisms and are best characterized as involving both forgetting and mnemonic distortions, despite a high level of confidence.
Flashbulb Memories
  • W. Hirst, E. Phelps
  • Psychology
    Current directions in psychological science
  • 1 February 2016
TLDR
It is argued that FBMs do not require special memory mechanisms and are best characterized as involving both forgetting and mnemonic distortions, despite a high level of confidence.
How eyewitnesses resist misinformation: Social postwarnings and the monitoring of memory characteristics
TLDR
The findings suggest that the reduced misinformation effect was due to more thorough monitoring of memory characteristics by postwarned participants, rather than to a stricter response criterion or to enhanced event memory.
Long-term memory for the terrorist attack of September 11: flashbulb memories, event memories, and the factors that influence their retention.
TLDR
The rate of forgetting for flashbulb memories and event memory (memory for details about the event itself) slows after a year, and the strong emotional reactions elicited by flash Bulb events are remembered poorly, worse than nonemotional features such as where and from whom one learned of the attack.
Towards a psychology of collective memory
TLDR
The place of psychology within the now voluminous social scientific literature on collective memory is discussed, distinguishing between the design of social resources and memory practices, on one hand, and on the other, the effectiveness of each in forming and transforming the memories held by individuals and the psychological mechanisms that guide this effectiveness.
Silence Is Not Golden
TLDR
It is demonstrated that listening to a speaker remember selectively can induce forgetting of related information in the listener, and not only within-individual retrieval-induced forgetting, but also socially shared retrieval- induced forgetting.
Forgetting our personal past: socially shared retrieval-induced forgetting of autobiographical memories.
TLDR
In all 4 experiments, WI-RIF and SS-R IF are found regardless of the emotional valence or individual ownership of the memories, which discusses the role of conversational silence in shaping both personal and shared pasts.
Forgetting the Unforgettable Through Conversation
TLDR
It is shown that conversations can alter memories of speakers and listeners in similar ways, even when the memories differ, and socially shared retrieval-induced forgetting is discussed as a mechanism for the formation of collective memories.
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