Prevalence of HIV infection in childbearing women in the United States
- M. Gwinn, M. Pappaioanou, J. Curran
- Medicine, Biology
- 1 March 1992
Stability of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 antibodies in whole blood dried on filter paper and stored under various tropical conditions in Kinshasa, Zaire
- F. Behets, M. Kashamuka, T. Quinn
- Biology, MedicineJournal of Clinical Microbiology
- 1 May 1992
The use of gas-impermeable bags with desiccant for the storage of blood spots on filter paper improved the stability of HIV-1 antibody detection over time and is recommended for thestorage of whole-blood spots onfilter paper in harsh tropical field settings.
Prevalence of HIV infection in childbearing women in the United States. Surveillance using newborn blood samples.
- M. Gwinn, M. Pappaioanou, A. Novello
- 3 April 1991
A national, population-based survey was initiated in 1988 to measure the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in women giving birth to infants in the United States and it is estimated that approximately 1800 newborns acquired HIV infection during one 12-month period.
HIV seroprevalence surveys of childbearing women--objectives, methods, and uses of the data.
- M. Pappaioanou, J. R. George, A. Novello
- MedicinePublic health reports ()
- 1 March 1990
Information from this survey will be used to assess the levels and trends of HIV infection in women and infants, help develop and evaluate prevention programs, and project the number of women and children who will develop HIV infection and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and will require health care and social services in the future.
HIV-1 serologic test results for one million newborn dried-blood specimens: assay performance and implications for screening.
- M. Gwinn, M. Redus, T. Granade, W. Hannon, J. R. George
- Medicine, BiologyJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
The observed predictive value of a repeatedly reactive EIA results closely coincided with that expected on the basis of manufacturer's estimates of test sensitivity and specificity for dried-blood specimens, which help characterize the results to be expected from screening of similar low-seroprevalence populations.
Use of DEAE dextran in agar overlays to enhance size of ECHO virus plaques.
- P. Feorino, W. Hannon
- BiologyPublic health reports ()
- 1 November 1966
The PLAQUE inhibition test is an effective technique in studying the antigenic interrelationships of ECHO virsuses, where the virus must produce discrete, countable plaques in this test.
Oral zidovudine during labor to prevent perinatal HIV transmission, Bangkok: tolerance and zidovudine concentration in cord blood
- C. Bhadrakom, R. Simonds, N. Shaffer
- MedicineAIDS (London)
- 31 March 2000
Most ZDV concentrations in the cord blood after oral dosing during labor were at therapeutic concentrations but were lower than those reported after continuous intravenous administration, which does not exclude the possibility that intrapartum and neonatal chemoprophylaxis is effective.
Hospital variation in intrapartum use of zidovudine.
An anonymous, population-based study to estimate the proportion of HIV-infected women giving birth in Florida from October 1994 through March 1995 who received perinatal treatment with zidovudine and used a modified radioimmunoassay for serum zirconium to test dried-blood specimens that had been collected from newborns for routine metabolic screening.
Premature thelarche in Puerto Rico: A search for environmental estrogenic contamination
- W. Hannon, R. Hill, John T. Jr. Bernert, L. Haddock, G. Lebron, J. Cordero
- MedicineArchives of Environmental Contamination and…
- 1 May 1987
As part of an investigation into the cause of premature thelarche in Puerto Rico, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) conducted various laboratory analyses to screen for estrogenic sources. Samples…
Forssman Antigen and Phase Specifiic Fetal Antigens: an Evaluation of Their Role in SV40 Tumor Immunity 1
- W. Hannon, K. Ambrose, J. Coggin
- Medicine, BiologyProceedings of the Society for Experimental…
- 1 April 1975
Evaluation of sero-logical responses to the Forssman antigen in hamsters indicated that the hemolytic reactivity produced by immunization with guinea pig kidney cells or sheep erythrocytes was elicited against isoantigens and not the ForsSman antigen, eliminating a possible role of the Fors'sman heterophile antigen in the tumor protection evoked by immunizations with fetal cells bearing embryonic antigens.