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Massive migration from the steppe was a source for Indo-European languages in Europe
We generated genome-wide data from 69 Europeans who lived between 8,000–3,000 years ago by enriching ancient DNA libraries for a target set of almost 400,000 polymorphisms. Enrichment of these…
Genome-wide patterns of selection in 230 ancient Eurasians
A genome-wide scan for selection using ancient DNA is reported, capitalizing on the largest ancient DNA data set yet assembled: 230 West Eurasians who lived between 6500 and 300 bc, including 163 with newly reported data.
Ancient human genomes suggest three ancestral populations for present-day Europeans
It is shown that most present-day Europeans derive from at least three highly differentiated populations: west European hunter-gatherers, who contributed ancestry to all Europeans but not to Near Easterners; ancient north Eurasians related to Upper Palaeolithic Siberians; and early European farmers, who were mainly of Near Eastern origin but also harboured west Europeanhunter-gatherer related ancestry.
Genetic Discontinuity Between Local Hunter-Gatherers and Central Europe’s First Farmers
Together, these analyses provide persuasive evidence that the first farmers were not the descendants of local hunter-gatherers but immigrated into central Europe at the onset of the Neolithic.
The genetic history of Ice Age Europe
Modern humans arrived in Europe ~45,000 years ago, but little is known about their genetic composition before the start of farming ~8,500 years ago. We analyze genome-wide data from 51 Eurasians from…
Ancient DNA from European Early Neolithic Farmers Reveals Their Near Eastern Affinities
The first farmers from Central Europe reveal a genetic affinity to modern-day populations from the Near East and Anatolia, which suggests a significant demographic input from this area during the…
Ancient DNA from the First European Farmers in 7500-Year-Old Neolithic Sites
It is found that 25% of the Neolithic farmers had one characteristic mtDNA type and that this type formerly was widespread among Neolithic Farmers in Central Europe and this finding lends weight to a proposed Paleolithic ancestry for modern Europeans.
Ancient DNA Reveals Key Stages in the Formation of Central European Mitochondrial Genetic Diversity
This transect through time reveals four key population events associated with well-known archaeological cultures, which involved genetic influx into Central Europe from various directions at various times, revealing a key role for Late Neolithic cultures in shaping modern Central European genetic diversity.
Absence of the lactase-persistence-associated allele in early Neolithic Europeans
- J. Burger, M. Kirchner, B. Bramanti, W. Haak, Mark George Thomas
- BiologyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 6 March 2007
A stepwise strategy for obtaining reliable nuclear ancient DNA from ancient skeletons is developed, which obtained high-confidence LP-associated genotypes from eight Neolithic and one Mesolithic human remains, using a range of strict criteria for ancient DNA work.
Sequencing ancient calcified dental plaque shows changes in oral microbiota with dietary shifts of the Neolithic and Industrial revolutions
It is shown that calcified dental plaque on ancient teeth preserves a detailed genetic record throughout this period of transition between Neolithic and medieval times, after which (the now ubiquitous) cariogenic bacteria became dominant, apparently during the Industrial Revolution.