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Geant4 - A simulation toolkit
Geant4 is a toolkit for simulating the passage of particles through matter. It includes a complete range of functionality including tracking, geometry, physics models and hits. The physics processesExpand
Relativistic Quantum Mechanics. Wave Equations
1. Relativistic Wave Equation for Spin-0 Particles: The Klein-Gordon Equation and Its Applications.- 2. A Wave Equation for Spin-1/2 Particles: The Dirac Equation.- 3. Lorentz Covariance of the DiracExpand
Quantum electrodynamics of strong fields
Up to now, our considerations in this book have mainly treated the behaviour of electrons (or positrons) under the influence of weak perturbations. In this chapter we want to deal with phenomena thatExpand
Microscopic models for ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions
In this paper, the concepts of microscopic transport theory are introduced and the features and shortcomings of the most commonly used ansatzes are discussed. In particular, the UltrarelativisticExpand
Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics
Foreword.- Preface.- Thermodynamics: Equilibrium and State Quantities.- The Laws of Thermodynamics.- Phase Transitions and Chemical Reactions.- Thermodynamic Potentials.- Statistical Mechanics:Expand
Hadron-hadron (h-h) collisions at high energies are investigated in the ultra-relativistic quantum molecular dynamics (UrQMD) approach. This microscopic transport model describes the phenomenology ofExpand
Quantum Mechanics: An Introduction
1 The Quantization of Physical Quantities.- 1.1 Light Quanta.- 1.2 The Photoelectric Effect.- 1.3 The Compton Effect.- 1.4 The Ritz Combination Principle.- 1.5 The Franck-Hertz Experiment.- 1.6 TheExpand
Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics I
We have already used average values of position and momentum of a particle and seen that we can get the average value of an observable F [represented by an operator function \( \hat F\left( {\hatExpand
Gauge theory of weak interactions
"Gauge Theory of Weak Interactions" treats the unification of electromagnetic and weak interactions, and considers related phenomena. First, the theory of beta decay is presented, followed by aExpand