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Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among US adults: findings from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
CONTEXT The Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (ATP III) highlights the importance of… Expand
Childhood abuse, neglect, and household dysfunction and the risk of illicit drug use: the adverse childhood experiences study.
OBJECTIVE Illicit drug use is identified in Healthy People 2010 as a leading health indicator because it is associated with multiple deleterious health outcomes, such as sexually transmitted… Expand
Childhood abuse, household dysfunction, and the risk of attempted suicide throughout the life span: findings from the Adverse Childhood Experiences Study.
CONTEXT Suicide is a leading cause of death in the United States, but identifying persons at risk is difficult. Thus, the US surgeon general has made suicide prevention a national priority. An… Expand
The interrelatedness of multiple forms of childhood abuse, neglect, and household dysfunction.
OBJECTIVE Childhood abuse and other adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have historically been studied individually, and relatively little is known about the co-occurrence of these events. The… Expand
Long-term consequences of childhood sexual abuse by gender of victim.
BACKGROUND Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is a worldwide problem. Although most studies on the long-term consequences of CSA have focused on women, sexual abuse of both boys and girls is common. Thus,… Expand
Increasing prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among u.s. Adults.
OBJECTIVE The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome is high among U.S. adults. Our purpose was to determine whether the prevalence of this syndrome has changed since 1988-1994. RESEARCH DESIGN AND… Expand
Adverse childhood experiences and smoking during adolescence and adulthood.
CONTEXT In recent years, smoking among adolescents has increased and the decline of adult smoking has slowed to nearly a halt; new insights into tobacco dependency are needed to correct this… Expand
Explaining the decrease in U.S. deaths from coronary disease, 1980-2000.
BACKGROUND Mortality from coronary heart disease in the United States has decreased substantially in recent decades. We conducted a study to determine how much of this decrease could be explained by… Expand
Insights Into Causal Pathways for Ischemic Heart Disease: Adverse Childhood Experiences Study
Background—The purpose of this study was to assess the relation of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), including abuse, neglect, and household dysfunction, to the risk of ischemic heart disease… Expand
The impact of adverse childhood experiences on health problems: evidence from four birth cohorts dating back to 1900.
BACKGROUND We examined the relationship of the number of adverse childhood experiences (ACE score) to six health problems among four successive birth cohorts dating back to 1900 to assess the… Expand