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Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among US adults: findings from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
TLDR
These results from a representative sample of US adults show that the metabolic syndrome is highly prevalent and the large numbers of US residents with the metabolic Syndrome may have important implications for the health care sector. Expand
The enduring effects of abuse and related adverse experiences in childhood
TLDR
The graded relationship of the ACE score to 18 different outcomes in multiple domains theoretically parallels the cumulative exposure of the developing brain to the stress response with resulting impairment in multiple brain structures and functions. Expand
Childhood abuse, neglect, and household dysfunction and the risk of illicit drug use: the adverse childhood experiences study.
TLDR
The persistent graded relationship between the ACE score and initiation of drug use for 4 successive birth cohorts dating back to 1900 suggests that the effects of adverse childhood experiences transcend secular changes such as increased availability of drugs, social attitudes toward drugs, and recent massive expenditures and public information campaigns to prevent drug use. Expand
Childhood abuse, household dysfunction, and the risk of attempted suicide throughout the life span: findings from the Adverse Childhood Experiences Study.
TLDR
A powerful graded relationship exists between adverse childhood experiences and risk of attempted suicide throughout the life span, and alcoholism, depressed affect, and illicit drug use, which are strongly associated with such experiences, appear to partially mediate this relationship. Expand
The interrelatedness of multiple forms of childhood abuse, neglect, and household dysfunction.
TLDR
The study provides strong evidence that ACEs are interrelated rather than occurring independently, and collecting information about exposure to other ACEs is advisable for studies that focus on the consequences of a specific ACE. Expand
Long-term consequences of childhood sexual abuse by gender of victim.
TLDR
Findings strongly indicate that boys and girls are vulnerable to this form of childhood maltreatment; the similarity in the likelihood for multiple behavioral, mental, and social outcomes among men and women suggests the need to identify and treat all adults affected by CSA. Expand
Increasing prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among u.s. Adults.
TLDR
Increases in high blood pressure, waist circumference, and hypertriglyceridemia accounted for much of the increase in the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome, particularly among women. Expand
Explaining the decrease in U.S. deaths from coronary disease, 1980-2000.
TLDR
Almost half the decline in U.S. deaths from coronary heart disease from 1980 through 2000 may be attributable to reductions in major risk factors and approximately half to evidence-based medical therapies. Expand
Adverse childhood experiences and smoking during adolescence and adulthood.
TLDR
Primary prevention of adverse childhood experiences and improved treatment of exposed children could reduce smoking among both adolescents and adults. Expand
Insights Into Causal Pathways for Ischemic Heart Disease: Adverse Childhood Experiences Study
TLDR
A dose-response relation of ACEs to IHD and a relation between almost all individual ACEs and IHD is found and psychological factors appear to be more important than traditional risk factors in mediating the relation ofACEs to the risk of IHD. Expand
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