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Mechanisms of anterior cruciate ligament injury.
It is confirmed that most noncontact injuries occur with the knee close to extension during a sharp deceleration or landing maneuver, and passive protection of the ACL by the hamstring muscles may be reduced in patients with above-average flexibility.
Noncontact anterior cruciate ligament injuries: risk factors and prevention strategies.
Early data on existing neuromuscular training programs suggest that enhancing body control may decrease ACL injuries in women and further investigation is needed prior to instituting prevention programs related to the other risk factors.
The Landing Error Scoring System (LESS) Is a Valid and Reliable Clinical Assessment Tool of Jump-Landing Biomechanics
- D. Padua, S. Marshall, M. Boling, C. Thigpen, W. Garrett, A. Beutler
- Medicine, PsychologyThe American journal of sports medicine
- 1 October 2009
The LESS is a valid and reliable tool for identifying potentially high-risk movement patterns during a jump-landing task and women had higher (worse) LESS scores than men.
A comparison of knee joint motion patterns between men and women in selected athletic tasks.
Epidemiology of Concussion in Collegiate and High School Football Players
- K. Guskiewicz, N. Weaver, D. Padua, W. Garrett
- MedicineThe American journal of sports medicine
- 1 September 2000
Players who sustained one concussion in a season were three times more likely to sustain a second concussion in the same season compared with uninjured players, and contact with artificial turf appears to be associated with a more serious concussion than contact with natural grass.
Non-contact ACL injuries in female athletes: an International Olympic Committee current concepts statement
A multidisciplinary group of ACL expert clinicians and scientists are invited to review current evidence including data from the new Scandinavian ACL registries, critically evaluate high-quality studies of injury mechanics and consider the key elements of successful prevention programmes.
Viscoelastic properties of muscle-tendon units
- Dean C. Taylor, J. D. Dalton, A. Seaber, W. Garrett
- Biology, EngineeringThe American journal of sports medicine
- 1 May 1990
It is found that muscle-tendon units respond viscoelastically to tensile loads, and the risk of injury in a stretching regimen may be related to the stretch rate, and not to the actual technique.
A Comparison of Knee Kinetics between Male and Female Recreational Athletes in Stop-Jump Tasks
- J. D. Chappell, Bing Yu, D. Kirkendall, W. Garrett
- BiologyThe American journal of sports medicine
- 1 March 2002
The results indicate that female recreational athletes may have altered motor control strategies that result in knee positions in which anterior cruciate ligament injuries may occur and technical training for female athletes may need to be focused on reducing the peak proximal tibia anterior shear force in stop-jump tasks.
Effect of Fatigue on Knee Kinetics and Kinematics in Stop-Jump Tasks
- J. D. Chappell, D. Herman, B. Knight, D. Kirkendall, W. Garrett, Bing Yu
- Biology, MedicineThe American journal of sports medicine
- 1 July 2005
Fatigued recreational athletes demonstrate altered motor control strategies, which may increase anterior tibial shear force, strain on the anterior cruciate ligament, and risk of injury for both female and male subjects.
Effectiveness of a Neuromuscular and Proprioceptive Training Program in Preventing Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries in Female Athletes
- B. Mandelbaum, H. Silvers, W. Garrett
- Education, MedicineThe American journal of sports medicine
- 1 July 2005
Using a neuromuscular training program may have a direct benefit in decreasing the number of anterior cruciate ligament injuries in female soccer players.