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Conjoint and extended neural networks for the computation of speech codes: the neural basis of selective impairment in reading words and pseudowords.
TLDR
The results suggest that rhyming pseudowords requires active participation of extended neural systems and networks not observed for rhyming words, suggesting conjoint neural networks for phonological processing of words and Pseudoword rhyming. Expand
Infantile spasms: A U.S. consensus report
TLDR
The overall goal of the workshop was to improve IS outcomes by assisting treating physicians with early recognition and diagnosis of IS, initiation of short duration therapy with a first‐line treatment, timely electroencephalography (EEG) evaluation of treatment to evaluate effectiveness, and, if indicated, prompt treatment modification. Expand
Regional cerebral blood flow during object naming and word reading
By several accounts, reading single words may be accomplished either by sequentially transcribing orthographic units into their corresponding sounds (an indirect route), or by directly associating aExpand
Intact implicit learning of spatial context and temporal sequences in childhood autism spectrum disorder.
TLDR
Evidence is provided for the integrity of learning processes dependent on integration of spatial and sequential contextual information in high-functioning children with ASD. Expand
Brain hyperconnectivity in children with autism and its links to social deficits.
TLDR
Brain hyperconnectivity predicted symptom severity in ASD, such that children with greater functional connectivity exhibited more severe social deficits and was associated with higher levels of fluctuations in regional brain signals. Expand
Noninvasive assessment of language dominance in children and adolescents with functional MRI
TLDR
Functional magnetic resonance imaging can be used to assess language lateralization noninvasively in children and has the potential to replace current functional mapping techniques in patients, and to provide important data on brain development. Expand
Developmental aspects of language processing: fMRI of verbal fluency in children and adults
TLDR
The brain areas that process semantic verbal fluency are similar in children and adults and the laterality of activation does not change appreciably with age and appears to be strongly lateralized by age 7 years. Expand
Functional anatomy of cognitive development
TLDR
In a test of verbal fluency, children tended to activate cortex more widely than adults, but activation patterns for fluency appear to be established by middle childhood, which may reflect developmental plasticity for the ongoing organization of neural networks, which underlie language capacity. Expand
Dysmaturation of the default mode network in autism
TLDR
It is shown that, like the trajectory of synaptogenesis, internodal DMN functional connectivity increased as a quadratic function of age in typically developing children, peaking between, 11 and 13 years, and in children with ASD, these long‐distance connections fail to develop during adolescence. Expand
Atypical neural substrates of Embedded Figures Task performance in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Superior performance on the Embedded Figures Task (EFT) has been attributed to weak central coherence in perceptual processing in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The present study used functionalExpand
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