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Constants across cultures in the face and emotion.
  • P. Ekman, W. Friesen
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1 February 1971
This study addresses the question of whether any facial expressions of emotion are universal. Recent studies showing that members of literate cultures associated the same emotion concepts with theExpand
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The Repertoire of Nonverbal Behavior: Categories, Origins, Usage, and Coding
Ir we arc to understand fully any instance of a person's non-verbal behavior that is, any movement or position of the face and/or the bodywe must discover how that behavior became part of the penon'sExpand
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Facial Action Coding System: Manual
who wish to use or understand the Facial Action Coding System (FACS), feature point tracking has high concurrent validity with manual FACS coding. Psy. The FACS Final Test video consists of 34Expand
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Universals and cultural differences in the judgments of facial expressions of emotion.
We present here new evidence of cross-cultural agreement in the judgement of facial expression. Subjects in 10 cultures performed a more complex judgment task than has been used in previousExpand
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Measuring facial movement
A procedure has been developed for measuring visibly different facial movements. The Facial Action Code was derived from an analysis of the anatomical basis of facial movement. The method can be usedExpand
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Felt, false, and miserable smiles
Theoretically based distinctions linked to measurable differences in appearance are described for three smiles: felt smiles (spontaneous expressions of positive emotion); false smiles (deliberateExpand
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Approach-withdrawal and cerebral asymmetry: emotional expression and brain physiology. I.
In this experiment, we combined the measurement of observable facial behavior with simultaneous measures of brain electrical activity to assess patterns of hemispheric activation in different regionsExpand
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Nonverbal Leakage and Clues to Deception †.
Abstract : Research relevant to psychotherapy regarding facial expression and body movement, has shown that the kind of information which can be gleaned from the patients words - information aboutExpand
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