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Establishing the evidence base for maintaining biodiversity and ecosystem function in the oil palm landscapes of South East Asia
TLDR
By intelligent manipulation of habitat complexity, it could be possible to enhance not only the number of species that can live in oil palm plantations but also their contribution to the healthy functioning of this exceptionally important and widespread landscape.
THE EVOLUTION OF SOLDIERS IN APHIDS
  • D. Stern, W. Foster
  • Biology
    Biological reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical…
  • 1 February 1996
TLDR
It is shown that the distribution of soldier production requires a minimum of six to nine evolutionary origins plus at least one loss, and an optimality model for soldier investment strategies is presented to help guide investigations of the ecological factors selecting for soldiers.
Evidence for the dilution effect in the selfish herd from fish predation on a marine insect
TLDR
Field observations of predation on a marine insect are presented, in which it is possible, for the first time, to quantify the magnitude of the dilution effect and distinguish it from other benefits of group living.
Inclusive fitness theory and eusociality
TLDR
It is argued that inclusive fitness theory has been of little value in explained the natural world, and that it has led to negligible progress in explaining the evolution of eusociality, but these arguments are based upon a misunderstanding of evolutionary theory and a misrepresentation of the empirical literature.
Doubling the estimate of invertebrate biomass in a rainforest canopy
TLDR
The biomass of invertebrates living in a common rainforest epiphyte is measured, a striking relationship between fern size and the biomass of animals within the ferns is described, and it is shown that including the fauna of theseEpiphytes can more than double the estimate of the total invertebrate biomass in an entire rainforest canopy.
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