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Exercise training and nutritional supplementation for physical frailty in very elderly people.
TLDR
High-intensity resistance exercise training is a feasible and effective means of counteracting muscle weakness and physical frailty in very elderly people, in contrast to multi-nutrient supplementation without concomitant exercise, which does not reduce muscle weakness orPhysical frailty. Expand
Sarcopenia: an undiagnosed condition in older adults. Current consensus definition: prevalence, etiology, and consequences. International working group on sarcopenia.
TLDR
Sarcopenia should be considered in all older patients who present with observed declines in physical function, strength, or overall health, and patients who meet these criteria should further undergo body composition assessment using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry with sarcopenia being defined using currently validated definitions. Expand
Cachexia: a new definition.
TLDR
The prominent clinical feature of cachexia is weight loss in adults (corrected for fluid retention) or growth failure in children (excluding endocrine disorders). Expand
High-intensity strength training in nonagenarians. Effects on skeletal muscle.
TLDR
It is concluded that high-resistance weight training leads to significant gains in muscle strength, size, and functional mobility among frail residents of nursing homes up to 96 years of age. Expand
Exercise and physical activity for older adults
TLDR
Regular exercise improves health status and contributes to an increase in life expectancy, and involvement in regular exercise can also provide a number of psychological benefits related to preserved cognitive function, alleviation of depression symptoms. Expand
Aging of skeletal muscle: a 12-yr longitudinal study.
TLDR
It is suggested that a quantitative loss in muscle CSA is a major contributor to the decrease in muscle strength seen with advancing age and accounts for 90% of the variability in strength at T2. Expand
Effects of high-intensity strength training on multiple risk factors for osteoporotic fractures. A randomized controlled trial.
TLDR
High-intensity strength training exercises are an effective and feasible means to preserve bone density while improving muscle mass, strength, and balance in postmenopausal women. Expand
Leg extensor power and functional performance in very old men and women.
TLDR
Measurement of leg extensor power in frail elderly people may prove useful in focusing effective rehabilitation programmes because of the relation within the group between age and any of the variables measured. Expand
Effects of heavy-resistance training on hormonal response patterns in younger vs. older men.
TLDR
The data indicate that older men do respond with an enhanced hormonal profile in the early phase of a resistance training program, but the response is different from that of younger men. Expand
Strength conditioning in older men: skeletal muscle hypertrophy and improved function.
TLDR
Strength gains in older men were associated with significant muscle hypertrophy and an increase in myofibrillar protein turnover and the torque-velocity relationship showed an upward displacement of the curve at the end of training, mainly in the slow-vel velocity high-torque region. Expand
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