• Publications
  • Influence
Identification of 5 types of Cryptosporidium parasites in children in Lima, Peru.
  • L. Xiao, C. Bern, +6 authors A. Lal
  • Biology, Medicine
  • The Journal of infectious diseases
  • 1 February 2001
There was no significant difference in age, antecedent stunting, percentage with diarrhea, or duration of diarrhea for episodes with human genotype, compared with those of zoonotic Cryptosporidium. Expand
A review of the global burden, novel diagnostics, therapeutics, and vaccine targets for cryptosporidium.
Use of cryptosporidium genomes has helped to identify promising therapeutic targets, and drugs are in development, but methods to assess the efficacy in vitro and in animals are not well standardised. Expand
Multi-country analysis of the effects of diarrhoea on childhood stunting.
In this assembled sample of 24-month-old children, the proportion of stunting attributed to <or=5 diarrhoeal episodes before 24 months was 25% and that attributed to being ill with diarrhoea for >or=2% of the time before 24 years was 18%, consistent with the hypothesis that a higher cumulative burden of diarrhoeas increases the risk of Stunting. Expand
Effects of EI Niño and ambient temperature on hospital admissions for diarrhoeal diseases in Peruvian children
The effects of El Niño and ambient temperature on the number of admissions for diarrhoea were greatest during the winter months, and diarrhoeal diseases may increase by millions of cases worldwide with each degree of increase in ambient temperature above normal. Expand
Beyond mortality: future clinical research in acute lung injury.
The workshop assessed the current state of clinical research addressing ALI, identified research needs, and recommended: continued performance of trials evaluating treatments of patients with ALI; development of strategies to perform ALI prevention trials; and development of a standardized format for reporting methods, endpoints, and results of ALI trials. Expand
Epidemiologic Differences Between Cyclosporiasis and Cryptosporidiosis in Peruvian Children
Both infections were more frequent during the warm season (December to May) than the cooler season (June to November). Expand
Lung Ultrasound for the Diagnosis of Pneumonia in Children: A Meta-analysis
Current evidence supports LUS as an imaging alternative for the diagnosis of childhood pneumonia, and recommendations to train pediatricians on LUS for diagnosis of pneumonia may have important implications in different clinical settings. Expand
Effect of water and sanitation on childhood health in a poor Peruvian peri-urban community
The findings show that nutritional status is a useful endpoint for water and sanitation interventions and underscores the need to improve sanitation in developing countries. Expand
Asymptomatic and symptomatic cryptosporidiosis: their acute effect on weight gain in Peruvian children.
Comparing monthly rates of weight gain between C. parvum-infected and noninfected children found that asymptomatic cryptosporidiosis is more prevalent and may have more of an overall adverse effect on child growth in the community than symptomatic Cryptosporodiosis. Expand
Effects of Cryptosporidium parvum infection in Peruvian children: growth faltering and subsequent catch-up growth.
It is indicated that Cryptosporidium parvum has a lasting adverse effect on linear (height) growth, especially when acquired during infancy and when children are stunted before they become infected. Expand