Network synchronization deals with the problem of distributing time and frequency among spatially remote locations. Network synchronization is an integral part of any large communication system, suchâ€¦ (More)

Structure functions are apparently unfamiliar to most engineers and the unifying role they play in oscillator instability theory has largely gone unrecognized. This paper introduces and places intoâ€¦ (More)

Two different implementations of the carrier recovery loop for suppressed carrier binary phase-shift keyed (BPSK) signals are considered. In particular, the tracking performance of the squaring loopâ€¦ (More)

This letter presents the structure functions of the fractional frequency and phase fluctuations associated with the frequency stability of an oscillator. These functions are related to the acceptedâ€¦ (More)

The purpose of this paper is to present a systematic survey of the theoretical/experimental work accomplished in the area of digital phase-locked loops (DPLL's) during the period of 1960 to 1980. Theâ€¦ (More)

The objective of this paper is to compare the performance of coherent and non-coherent modulation schemes with the use of error correcting codes and Artificial Neural Network (ANN) assistedâ€¦ (More)

This paper summarizes the behaviors of some important statistical parameters, viz., the mean, variance, skewness, and excess, for hard-limited signals transmitted through the additive Gaussianâ€¦ (More)