• Publications
  • Influence
Inventing the internet
  • W. Aspray
  • Engineering
  • IEEE Spectrum
  • 1 February 1997
erhaps because networking and microcomputer companies have been so successful during the past few years, the current tendency in Washington, D C , is to give the industrial sector all the credit forExpand
Computer: A History of the Information Machine
This history of the computer explores the roots of the industry's development, tracing not only the development of the machine itself--beginning with Charles Babbage's 1833 mechanical prototype--butExpand
John von Neumann and the origins of modern computing
  • W. Aspray
  • Engineering, Computer Science
  • History of computing
  • 7 December 1990
John von Neumann, in his 54 years of life, transformed the face and character of many pure/applied mathematical subject areas. And in particular he participated seminally in the creation of theExpand
Command and control, documentation, and library science: the origins of information science at the University of Pittsburgh
  • W. Aspray
  • Engineering, Computer Science
  • IEEE Ann. Hist. Comput.
  • 1 October 1999
TLDR
The history of the first information science department formed in the United States-at the University of Pittsburgh-and the roles of two of its principal faculty members: Allen Kent and Anthony Debons are described. Expand
The Intel 4004 Microprocessor: What Constituted Invention?
  • W. Aspray
  • Engineering, Computer Science
  • IEEE Ann. Hist. Comput.
  • 1 July 1997
TLDR
A case study of how corporate and national cultures affect technological development and of the many aspects of invention, including conceptualization, logical design, engineering, fabrication, capitalization and marketing is represented. Expand
The Scientific Conceptualization of Information: A Survey
  • W. Aspray
  • History, Computer Science
  • Annals of the History of Computing
  • 1 April 1985
TLDR
The article surveys the development of a scientific conceptualization of information during and in the decade following World War II and focuses on how Warren McCulloch, Walter Pitts, Claude Shannon, Alan Turing, John von Neumann, and Norbert Wiener combined these diverse studies into a coherent discipline. Expand
Was Early Entry a Competitive Advantage? US Universities That Entered Computing in the 1940s
  • W. Aspray
  • Engineering, Computer Science
  • IEEE Ann. Hist. Comput.
  • 1 July 2000
TLDR
The author discusses whether early entry was a competitive advantage in academic computing by examining the first three decades of computing at five universities that initiated computing programs in the 1940s. Expand
Marketing the Monster: Advertising Computer Technology
  • W. Aspray, D. Beaver
  • Engineering, Computer Science
  • Annals of the History of Computing
  • 1 April 1986
TLDR
The study's findings contribute to the historical understanding of the social diffusion of the technology in society; its methodology illustrates the historiographic strengths and weaknesses of using advertisements as historical documents. Expand
An opinionated introduction
Papers of John Von Neumann on computing and computer theory, Vol 12
This volume brings together John von Neumann's long-out-of-print articles on computer architecture, programming, large-scale computing, and automata theory. A number of significant papers in theseExpand
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