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Mediators and moderators of treatment effects in randomized clinical trials.
An analytic framework is described to identify and distinguish between moderators and mediators in RCTs when outcomes are measured dimensionally and it is recommended that R CTs routinely include and report such analyses.
Coming to terms with risk factors for eating disorders: application of risk terminology and suggestions for a general taxonomy.
Common risk factors from longitudinal and cross-sectional studies were gender, ethnicity, early childhood eating and gastrointestinal problems, elevated weight and shape concerns, negative self-evaluation, sexual abuse and other adverse experiences, and general psychiatric morbidity.
The Emotional Eating Scale: the development of a measure to assess coping with negative affect by eating.
Lack of correlation between a measure of cognitive restraint and EES subscales suggests that emotional eating may precipitate binge episodes among the obese independent of the level of restraint.
The clinical significance of binge eating disorder.
A critique of the literature is provided to address the question of whether BED represents a clinically significant syndrome, and the scientific evidence is considered through addressing five questions that are key in evaluating the clinical utility of any mental disorder.
Randomized clinical trial comparing family-based treatment with adolescent-focused individual therapy for adolescents with anorexia nervosa.
Although both treatments led to considerable improvement and were similarly effective in producing full remission at EOT, FBT was more effective in facilitating full remission in both follow-up points.
A comparison of short- and long-term family therapy for adolescent anorexia nervosa.
A short-term course of family therapy appears to be as effective as a long- term course for adolescents with short-duration anorexia nervosa, however, there is a suggestion that those with more severe eating-related obsessive-compulsive thinking and nonintact families benefit from longer treatment.
A multicenter comparison of cognitive-behavioral therapy and interpersonal psychotherapy for bulimia nervosa.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy was significantly more rapid in engendering improvement in patients with bulimia nervosa than IPT, suggesting that CBT should be considered the preferred psychotherapeutic treatment for bulimic nervosa.