W. van Blitterswijk

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Apoptosis is generally accompanied by a late phase of ceramide (Cer) production, the significance of which is unknown. This study describes a previously unrecognized link between Cer accumulation and phosphatidylserine (PS) exposure at the cell surface, a characteristic of the execution phase of apoptosis resulting from a loss of plasma membrane(More)
Diacylglycerol kinase (DGK) phosphorylates the second messenger diacylglycerol to yield phosphatidic acid. To date, very little is known about the regulation of DGK activity. We have previously identified the DGKtheta isotype, which is predominantly expressed in brain (Houssa, B., Schaap, D., van der Wal, J., Goto, K., Kondo, H., Yamakawa, A., Shibata, M.,(More)
BACKGROUND Phospholipase D (PLD) hydrolyzes phospholipids to generate phosphatidic acid (PA) and a free headgroup. PLDs occur as both intracellular and secreted forms; the latter can act as potent virulence factors. Exogenous PLD has growth-factor-like properties, in that it induces proto-oncogene transcription, mitogenesis and cytoskeletal changes in(More)
BACKGROUND Gossypol, a naturally occurring polyphenolic compound has been identified as a small molecule inhibitor of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins. It induces apoptosis in a wide range of tumor cell lines and enhances chemotherapy- and radiation-induced cytotoxicity both in vitro and in vivo. Bcl-2 and related proteins are important inhibitors of(More)
BACKGROUND Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate preparations are widely used as food supplements against osteoarthritis, but critics are skeptical about their efficacy, because of the lack of convincing clinical trials and a reasonable scientific rationale for the use of these nutraceuticals. Most trials were on osteoarthritis of the knee, while virtually no(More)
Anticancer drugs generally have intracellular targets, implicating transport over the plasma membrane. For amphiphilic agents, such as the anthracycline doxorubicin, this occurs by passive diffusion. We investigated whether exogenous membrane-permeable lipid analogues improve this drug influx. Combinations of drugs and lipid analogues were coadministered to(More)
To improve nanoliposomal-doxorubicin (DoxNL) delivery in tumor cells using liposome membrane-incorporated short-chain sphingolipids (SCS) with selective membrane-permeabilizing properties. DoxNL bilayers contained synthetic short-chain derivatives of known membrane microdomain-forming sphingolipids; C8-glucosylceramide (C8-GluCer), C8-galactosylceramide(More)
Design and efficacy of bioactive drugs is restricted by their (in)ability to traverse cellular membranes. Therapy resistance, a major cause of ineffective cancer treatment, is frequently due to suboptimal intracellular accumulation of the drug. We report a molecular mechanism that promotes trans-membrane movement of a stereotypical, widely used anti-cancer(More)
Short-chain sphingolipids, such as C 8-Glucosylceramide (C 8-GC) have been described to enhance the cellular uptake of amphiphilic drugs, in free form or when co-formulated in liposomes (1,2). The involved mechanism is currently unknown, but is hypothesized to induce domain or pore formation in the plasma membrane (3). The aim of this study is to further(More)