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We have cloned the al-2 gene of Neurospora crassa and have analyzed its structure and regulation. The gene encodes a 603-residue polypeptide with a segment homologous to prokaryotic and other eukaryotic phytoene synthases. RNA measurements showed that the level of al-2 mRNA increased over 30-fold in photoinduced mycelia compared with dark-grown mycelia.(More)
Retroviral Gag proteins are targeted to the plasma membrane, where they play the central role in virion formation. Several studies have suggested that the membrane-binding signal is contained within the amino-terminal matrix sequence; however, the precise location has never been determined for the Gag protein of any retrovirus. In this report, we show that(More)
The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 matrix protein (p17MA) plays a central role at both the early and late stages of the virus life cycle. During viral assembly, the p17MA domain of Pr55gag promotes membrane association, which is essential for the formation of viral particles. When viral infection occurs, the mature p17MA dissociates from the plasma(More)
Membrane targeting of pp60src (Src) is mediated by its myristoylated amino terminus. We demonstrate that, in addition to myristate, six basic residues in the amino terminus are essential for high-affinity binding to the lipid bilayer via electrostatic interaction with acidic phospholipids. Specifically, c-Src was shown to bind 2500-fold more strongly to(More)
Heregulin was shown to promote the proteolytic cleavage of its receptor, ErbB-4, in several cell lines. The growth factor also rapidly promoted the transient translocation of ErbB-4 to a detergent-insoluble fraction, in which the receptor was hyper-tyrosine-phosphorylated compared with the receptor present in the detergent-soluble pool. However, an 80-kDa(More)
A biologically active construct of the retroviral M domain from the avian Rous sarcoma virus is defined and its solution structure described. This M domain is fully active in budding and infectivity without myristylation. In spite of a sequence homology level that suggests no relationship among M domains and the family of matrix proteins in mammalian(More)
Synergistic transcription activation is a key component in the generation of the spectrum of eukaryotic promoter activities by a limited number of transcription factors. Various mechanisms could account for synergy, but a central question remains of whether synergism requires transcription factor functions that differ from those that direct independent(More)
ADAM17 (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase 17, also referred to as TNFα converting enzyme or TACE) is a cell-surface metalloproteinase that regulates signaling via the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and has important roles in diseases such as cancer and rheumatoid arthritis. ADAM17 can be activated by stimulation of several tyrosine kinase(More)
Previous data have shown that in several tumor cells lines the addition of heregulin results in the translocation of ErbB-4 to a detergent-insoluble membrane fraction where it is hypertyrosine phosphorylated. The data herein demonstrate that heregulin or betacellulin, but not EGF, promotes the rapid translocation of ErbB-2, the heterodimerization partner(More)
Estrogen triggers transactivation coupled estrogen receptor α (ERα) proteolysis, but mechanisms thereof remain obscure. Present data link estrogen:ERα-driven transcription with cell cycle progression. Although liganded ERα induces many genes within 1-4 h, gene activation after 6 h is thought to be indirect. Here, we identify SKP2 as a late-acting(More)