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FTO harbours the strongest known obesity-susceptibility locus in Europeans. While there is growing evidence for a role for FTO in obesity risk in Asians, its association with type 2 diabetes, independently of BMI, remains inconsistent. To test whether there is an association of the FTO locus with obesity and type 2 diabetes, we conducted a meta-analysis of(More)
In a population-based case-control study of 642 childhood cancer cases and the same number of matched controls in Shanghai, China, we evaluated the relationship between diagnostic X-ray (preconception, pre- and post-natal) and antenatal ultrasound exposure and the subsequent risk of developing three major types of childhood cancer (acute leukaemia, lymphoma(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the association between lifetime breast-feeding and the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in a large population-based cohort study of middle-aged women. This was a prospective study of 62,095 middle-aged parous women in Shanghai, China, who had no prior history of type 2 diabetes mellitus, cancer or cardiovascular(More)
Temporal trends in the incidence of esophageal and gastric cancers during 1972 to 1989 were addressed in urban Shanghai, the location of China's longest standing cancer registry. Over the 18 year study period, esophageal cancer rates decreased more than 50% from 28.8/100,000 person-years in 1972-74 to 13.3/100,000 in 1987-89 among men and from 11.3/100,000(More)
Leaf tissue damaging to seedlings can limit their subsequent growth, and the effects may be more extensive. Compensatory photosynthesis responses of the remnant cotyledon and primary leaf of Pharbitis purpurea to clipping and the effect of clipping on seedling growth were evaluated in a pot-cultivated experiment. Three treatments were conducted in the(More)
In a population-based case-control study of lung cancer in Shanghai involving interviews during 1984-86 with 1,405 cancer patients and 1,495 controls, a significant 50% elevation in the risk of lung cancer, adjusted for cigarette smoking, was observed among persons who had a history of tuberculosis. Among those diagnosed with tuberculosis within the past 20(More)
Strain CF-66 with strong antifungal activity against Rhizoctonia solani was isolated from compost samples. It is clearly demonstrated that strain CF-66 is belonging to Burkholderia cepacia complex by the morphological and biochemical tests and 16S rDNA sequence. The B. cepacia complex consists of a group of bacteria currently organized into nine genomovars,(More)
Multicolor coronagraphic images of the circumstellar disk around HD 141569A have been obtained with the Hubble Space Telescope Advanced Camera for Surveys. The B, V, and I images show that the disk’s previously described multiple-ring structure is actually a continuous distribution of dust with a tightly wound spiral structure. Extending from the disk are(More)
We present our first results from 130 ks of X–ray observations obtained with the Advanced CCD Imaging Spectrometer on the Chandra X–ray Observatory. The field is 0.096 square degrees and the detection limit is to a S/N ratio of 2. We reach a flux of 2 × 10−16 erg s−1 cm−2 in the 0.5-2 keV soft band and 2 × 10−15 erg s−1 cm−2 in the 2-10 keV hard band. Our(More)
Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF) Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy The Johns Hopkins University, Homewood Campus, Baltimore, MD 21218 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2, Garching, D-85748, Germany Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Postfach 1312, D-85741 Garching,(More)