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Crop production in China has been greatly improved by increasing phosphorus (P) fertilizer input, but overuse of P by farmers has caused low use efficiency, increasing environmental risk and accumulation of P in soil. From 1980 to 2007, average 242 kg P ha−1 accumulated in soil, resulting in average soil Olsen P increasing from 7.4 to 24.7 mg kg−1. China is(More)
PCR was used to amplify low-molecular-weight (LMW) glutenin genes from the Glu-A3 loci of hexaploid wheat cultivars containing different Glu-A3 alleles. The complete coding sequence of one LMW glutenin gene was obtained for each of the seven alleles Glu-A3a to Glu-A3g. Chromosome assignment of PCR products using Chinese Spring nulli-tetrasomic lines(More)
Rice is one of the most important crops in the world with 35% of the total population (over two billion people) depending on it as their source of food. It is therefore essential to develop efficient methods for the transformation and regeneration of rice plants in order to delineate the exact regulatory sequences responsible for gene expression and to(More)
Aims/hypothesis. To examine the functional, metabolic and structural abnormalities in peripheral nerve in the spontaneously Type II (non-insulin-dependent) diabetic BBZDR/Wor rat and compare these data with those in the Type I (insulin-dependent) diabetic BB/Wor rat.¶Methods. Animals were examined at 6 and 14 months of diabetes. Nerve conduction velocity(More)
Human complex metabolic traits are in part regulated by genetic determinants. Here we applied exome sequencing to identify novel associations of coding polymorphisms at minor allele frequencies (MAFs) >1% with common metabolic phenotypes. The study comprised three stages. We performed medium-depth (8×) whole exome sequencing in 1,000 cases with type 2(More)
Aims/hypothesis. Insulin and C-peptide exert neuroprotective effects and are deficient in Type I (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus but not in Type II (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus. These studies were designed to test the preventive and interventional effects of C-peptide replacement on diabetic polyneuropathy in the Type I diabetic BB/Wor(More)
The coding regions of 28 entries of hexaploid wheat γ-gliadin genes, gene fragments or pseudogenes in GenBank were used for nucleotide alignment. These sequences could be divided into nine subgroups based on nucleotide variation. The chromosomal locations of five of the seven unassigned subgroups were identified through subgroup-specific polymerase chain(More)
In Australian commercial cultivars, each high molecular weight glutenin (Glu-1) homoeologous locus consists of one of two predominant alleles: Glu-A1a (subunit Ax1) or Glu-A1b (subunit Ax2*) at the GluA1 locus, Glu-B1b (Bx7 and By8 subunits) or Glu-B1i (Bx17 and By18 subunits) at the Glu-B1 locus, and Glu-D1d (Dx5 and Dy10 subunits) or Glu-D1a (Dx2 and Dy12(More)
This paper presents AnonymousNet (AnonNet), a system for emergency response in large scale disaster areas, e.g., earthquake and tsunami in Japan (2011) and earthquake in Haiti (2010). Despite the attention the " emergency response " application area has received, we still lack data at the high spatial and temporal resolution needed to save lives, and to(More)
In this study, the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA in the tetraploid wheats, Triticum turgidum (AABB) and Triticum timopheevii (AAGG), their possible diploid donors, i.e., Triticum monococcum (AA), Triticum urartu (AA), and five species in Aegilops sect. Sitopsis (SS genome), and a related species Aegilops tauschii were(More)