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We present data demonstrating the gene expression of substance P (SP) and its receptor in human peripheral blood-isolated lymphocytes. Using reverse transcribed polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay, preprotachykinin-A (substance-P) mRNA is detected in human peripheral blood-isolated lymphocytes. Among the alpha, beta, and gamma transcripts of the SP(More)
We examined the gene expression and regulation of type III human interferon (IFN), IFN-lambda, in human neuronal cells. Human neuronal cells expressed endogenous IFN-lambda1 but not IFN-lambda2/3. Upon the activation of Toll-like receptor (TLR)-3 expressed in the neuronal cells by polyriboinosinic polyribocytidylic acid (PolyI:C), both IFN-lambda1 and(More)
Substance P (SP) is a potent modulator of neuroimmunoregulation. We recently reported that human immune cells express SP and its receptor. We have now investigated the possible role that SP and its receptor plays in HIV infection of human mononuclear phagocytes. SP enhanced HIV replication in human blood-isolated mononuclear phagocytes, whereas the(More)
We present data demonstrating the gene expression of substance P and its receptor in human peripheral blood-isolated monocytes and macrophages. Using the RT-PCR assay, preprotachykinin-A (substance P) mRNA is detected in human peripheral blood-isolated monocytes and macrophages. Among the alpha, beta, and gamma transcripts of the substance P gene, only the(More)
The C-C chemokine receptors CCR5 and CCR3 are fusion coreceptors for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) entry into macrophages. The regulation of their expression influences infectivity by HIV. We report here that interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) a cytokine that has bidirectional effects on HIV infection of macrophages, significantly upregulated CCR5 and CCR3(More)
Biological interactions between human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) and the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) were analysed in transfection and infection experiments, carried out in a human osteogenic sarcoma cell line (HOS) and in the same cell line chronically infected with HCMV (E155). When HOS and E155 cells were transfected with recombinant plasmids(More)
We have investigated the effects of SP on the constitutive and/or lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced expression of interleukin-10 (IL-10) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha) in both freshly isolated cord blood monocytes (FICBM) and cord blood monocyte-derived macrophages (CBMDM). The cells were treated with SP at various concentrations (10(-14) to 10(-6) M)(More)
Three C-C chemokines inhibit human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) entry into macrophages: macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha (MIP-1alpha), MIP-1beta, and regulated-upon activation, normal T-cell expressed and secreted (RANTES). We studied the ability of placental cord blood mononuclear cells (CBMC) to secrete these C-C chemokines in comparison to adult(More)
The substance P (SP)-preferring receptor neurokinin-1 receptor (NK-1R) has two forms: a full-length receptor consisting of 407 aa and a truncated receptor consisting of 311 aa. These two receptors differ in the length of the C terminus of NK-1R. We studied the undifferentiated and phorbol myristate acetate (PMA)-differentiated human monocyte/macrophage cell(More)
We have recently demonstrated that human monocytes and lymphocytes express the substance P (SP) gene at both the mRNA and protein level [Ho, W.Z., Lai, J.P., Zhu, X.H., Uvaydova, M., Douglas S.D., 1997. Human monocytes and macrophages express substance P and neurokinin-1 receptor. Journal of Immunology, 159, p. 5654; Lai, J.P., Douglas, S. D., Ho, W.Z.,(More)