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We present data demonstrating the gene expression of substance P and its receptor in human peripheral blood-isolated monocytes and macrophages. Using the RT-PCR assay, preprotachykinin-A (substance P) mRNA is detected in human peripheral blood-isolated monocytes and macrophages. Among the alpha, beta, and gamma transcripts of the substance P gene, only the(More)
We present data demonstrating the gene expression of substance P (SP) and its receptor in human peripheral blood-isolated lymphocytes. Using reverse transcribed polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay, preprotachykinin-A (substance-P) mRNA is detected in human peripheral blood-isolated lymphocytes. Among the alpha, beta, and gamma transcripts of the SP(More)
In order to investigate the hypothesis that human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) influences HIV-1 infection of brain cells, we studied primary astrocytes derived from human fetal brains and a neuronal cell line (SK-N-MC). Infection of these cells with two strains of HCMV resulted in expression of immediate early, early, and late antigens and production of(More)
Glutathione (GSH), its derivatives and N-acetylcysteine (NAC) inhibit the induction of HIV-1 expression in a chronically HIV-1-infected promonocytic cell line (U1/HIV) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). We have examined the effects of GSH and NAC on HIV-1 replication in human primary monocyte/macrophages cultured in vitro. Ficoll-gradient(More)
We have investigated the effects of SP on the constitutive and/or lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced expression of interleukin-10 (IL-10) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha) in both freshly isolated cord blood monocytes (FICBM) and cord blood monocyte-derived macrophages (CBMDM). The cells were treated with SP at various concentrations (10(-14) to 10(-6) M)(More)
Substance P (SP) is a potent modulator of neuroimmunoregulation. We recently reported that human immune cells express SP and its receptor. We have now investigated the possible role that SP and its receptor plays in HIV infection of human mononuclear phagocytes. SP enhanced HIV replication in human blood-isolated mononuclear phagocytes, whereas the(More)
The substance P (SP)-preferring receptor neurokinin-1 receptor (NK-1R) has two forms: a full-length receptor consisting of 407 aa and a truncated receptor consisting of 311 aa. These two receptors differ in the length of the C terminus of NK-1R. We studied the undifferentiated and phorbol myristate acetate (PMA)-differentiated human monocyte/macrophage cell(More)
Substance P (SP), a member of the tachykinin family of neuropeptides, is an important immunomodulator of lymphocyte and monocyte/macrophage function. We have examined the effects of SP on human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection of peripheral blood monocyte-derived macrophages (MDMs) in vitro. Human monocytes isolated by Ficoll gradient(More)
Substance P (SP) is a potent modulator of neuroimmunoregulation. SP receptors are present on human monocytes and T lymphocytes, and SP alters the function of these immune cells. We investigated the effects of SP on HIV-1 replication in latently infected human immune cells. SP significantly enhanced HIV-1 replication in the latently infected promonocytic(More)
The neuropeptide, substance P, is a potent modulator of neuroimmunoregulation. Substance P and its receptor modulate HIV infection. HIV-seropositive men had significantly higher plasma substance P levels compared with uninfected controls, which were associated with decreased CD16 and CD56 natural killer (NK) cell populations. The changes in plasma substance(More)