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The rice Xa21 gene, which confers resistance to Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae race 6, was isolated by positional cloning. Fifty transgenic rice plants carrying the cloned Xa21 gene display high levels of resistance to the pathogen. The sequence of the predicted protein, which carries both a leucine-rich repeat motif and a serine-threonine kinase-like(More)
The rice Xa21 gene confers resistance to Xanthomonas oryzae pv oryzae in a race-specific manner. Analysis of the inheritance patterns and resistance spectra of transgenic plants carrying six Xa21 gene family members indicated that one member, designated Xa21D, displayed a resistance spectrum identical to that observed for Xa21 but conferred only partial(More)
The rice disease resistance gene Xa21, encoding a receptor-like kinase, is a member of a multigene family. Sequence analysis of seven family members revealed two distinct classes of genes. One member from each class encodes a receptor kinase-like open reading frame. The other five members encode truncated open reading frames of the predicted receptor(More)
A bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library consisting of 11,000 clones with an average DNA insert size of 125 kb was constructed from rice nuclear DNA. The BAC clones were stable in E. coli after 100 generations of serial growth. Transformation of the BAC clones by electroporation into E. coli was highly efficient and increased with decreasing size of(More)
The cloned rice gene, Xa21, confers resistance to multiple pathogen isolates of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae in transgenic plants. The resistance phenotype was stably transmitted to T1 progeny and inherited as a single locus. The T1 progeny were tested for resistance to 32 X. oryzae pv. oryzae isolates from eight countries. Both the engineered line and the(More)
Pb inhibits plant growth. To study Pb tolerance in rice (Oryza sativa), we screened 229 varieties for Pb tolerance or sensitivity. Three-day-old seedlings were treated for 12 d with 20 microM Pb solution. Based on the dry weight of the root, three Pb-tolerant (var CH-55, var KH-2J, var Kumnung) and three Pb-sensitive (var Aixueru, var C-9491, var Milyang23)(More)
Unfavourable environment brings many kinds of stresses to plants. To survive such stresses, efficient resistance is required for the plants. Multifunctional genes enable the cross-talk among the various abiotic stress resistance systems. This paper reviews the action mechanisms of multifunctional genes. These genes can be classified into three groups: genes(More)
The rice disease resistance gene Xa21, which encodes a receptor-like kinase, is a member of a multigene family. Based on comparisons of genomic sequences of seven family members, seventeen transposon-like elements were identi®ed in the 5¢ and 3¢ ̄anking regions and introns of these genes. Sequence characterization revealed that these elements are diverse,(More)
PDR13 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae contributes to drug resistance via sequential activation of PDR1 and PDR5. In this study, we found that a PDR13 deletion mutant was hypersensitive to Cu(2+) compared to the wild-type counterpart. The Cu(2+) tolerance mechanism mediated by Pdr13 does not seem to involve Pdr1 or Pdr5, since mutants harboring a deletion of(More)
We identified in deepwater rice (Oryza sativa L.) a gene encoding a leucine-rich repeat receptor-like transmembrane protein kinase, OsTMK (O. sativa transmembrane kinase). The transcript levels of OsTMK increased in the rice internode in response to gibberellin. Expression of OsTMK was especially high in regions undergoing cell division and elongation. The(More)
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