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Accumulation of saturated fatty acids in the liver can cause nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This study investigated saturated fatty acid induction of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and apoptosis in human liver cells and the underlying causal mechanism. Human liver L02 and HepG2 cell lines were exposed to the saturated fatty acid sodium(More)
Endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) has been found in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. The study was to further explore the mechanistic relationship between ERS and lipid accumulation. To induce ERS, the hepatoblastoma cell line HepG2 and the normal human L02 cell line were exposed to Tg for 48 h. RT-PCR and Western blot were performed to evaluate(More)
Although microRNAs are commonly known to function as a component of RNA-induced silencing complexes in the cytoplasm, they have been detected in other organelles, notably the nucleus and the nucleolus, of mammalian cells. We have conducted a systematic search for miRNAs in HeLa cell nucleoli, and identified 11 abundant miRNAs with a high level of nucleolar(More)
Coupling lactate fermentation with cell growth was investigated in shake-flask and bioreactor cultivation systems by increasing aeration to improve lactate productivity in Escherichia coli CICIM B0013-070 (ackA pta pps pflB dld poxB adhE frdA). In shake-flasks, cells reached 1 g dry wt/l then, cultivated at 100 rpm and 42°C, achieved a twofold higher(More)
Successive mesophase transformation induced by an anionic surfactant such as sodium dioctyl sulfosuccinate (AOT) has been demonstrated to fabricate four kinds of large pore mesoporous silica materials in a triblock copolymer F127 surfactant assembly system. The transformation of the highly ordered mesostructures from face-centered cubic (space group Fm3 ¯(More)
Fine tuning of the key enzymes to moderate rather than high expression levels could overproduce the desired metabolic products without inhibiting cell growth. The aims of this investigation were to regulate rates of lactate production and cell growth in recombinant Escherichia coli through promoter engineering and to evaluate the transcriptional function of(More)
The liver X receptor alpha (LXRα), a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily, has been shown to regulate the expression of the fatty acid synthase (FAS) gene through direct interaction with the FAS promoter. However, its regulation of gene expression is not completely understood. Histone modifications and chromatin remodeling are closely linked to(More)
A strain of the fungus Gliocladium roseum YMF1.00133 was found to secrete nematicidal metabolites against nematodes Panagrellus redivivus, Caenothabditis elegans and Bursaphelenchus xylophilus in experiments searching for nematicidal fungi. Through bioassay-guided fractionations, a unique trioxopiperazine alkaloid, gliocladin C (compound 1), and an alkylane(More)
In vitro experiments on the functional roles of extracellular matrix (ECM) components usually involve the culture of cells on surfaces coated with purified ECM components. These experiments can seldom recuperate the spatial arrangement of ECM found in vivo. In this study, we have overcome this obstacle by using histological sections of bovine Achilles(More)