Eighteen patients with inoperable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were treated with intrahepatic arterial yttrium-90 microspheres. All these patients showed a lung shunting below 15% and a tumour-to-normal ratio higher than 2 as determined by diagnostic technetium-99m macroaggregated albumin (Tc-MAA) gamma scintigraphy. The treatment was given through an… (More)
The only hope for effective treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC or 'hepatoma') lies in early diagnosis. Measurement of the serum alphafetoprotein (AFP) level is potentially a useful screening test. When grossly raised, it is almost diagnostic of HCC. However, modestly elevated levels may also arise in patients with benign chronic liver disease, and… (More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common and rapidly fatal malignancies worldwide. Treatment options are severely limited by the frequent presence of metastases. If hepatocyte-specific mRNAs are detected in the circulation, it is possible to infer the presence of circulating, presumably malignant, liver cells. If these can be quantified, it… (More)
Serum levels of alphafetoprotein are raised in 60-80% of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. Although widely used as a serum marker, frequent false-positive results in patients with benign liver disease, result in poor specificity. This occurs particularly when levels of alphafetoprotein fall between 50-500 ng ml-1, the so-called 'grey area'. Recent… (More)
In 11 years and 3 months, 2,037 patients with HCC were seen and 48 patients (2.4%) were diagnosed to have obstructive icteric type HCC. Five patients were terminally ill and were not investigated further. Forty three patients were initially investigated by endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) or percutaneous transhepatic cholangiogram (PTC) and… (More)
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