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MRI tractography is the mapping of neural fiber pathways based on diffusion MRI of tissue diffusion anisotropy. Tractography based on diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) cannot directly image multiple fiber orientations within a single voxel. To address this limitation, diffusion spectrum MRI (DSI) and related methods were developed to image complex(More)
The structure of the brain as a product of morphogenesis is difficult to reconcile with the observed complexity of cerebral connectivity. We therefore analyzed relationships of adjacency and crossing between cerebral fiber pathways in four nonhuman primate species and in humans by using diffusion magnetic resonance imaging. The cerebral fiber pathways(More)
BACKGROUND Diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging (DT-MRI) provides a means for nondestructive characterization of myocardial architecture. We used DT-MRI to investigate changes in direction-dependent water diffusivity to reflect alterations in tissue integrity (trace apparent diffusion coefficients [ADCs] and fractional anisotropy [FA]), as well as(More)
We present a method for diffusion tensor MRI in the beating heart that is insensitive to cardiac motion and strain. Using a stimulated echo pulse sequence with two electrocardiogram (ECG) triggers, diffusion-encoding bipolar gradient pulses are applied at identical phases in consecutive cardiac cycles. In this experiment, diffusion is encoded at a single(More)
BACKGROUND Cortical whisker barrels in the primary somatosensory cortex are a well-known example of brain function in rodents. The well-defined relationship between barrels and whiskers makes this system a unique model to study neuronal function and plasticity. In this study, we sought to establish a feasible working protocol of applying manganese-enhanced(More)
PURPOSE To test the hypothesis that the primary, secondary, and tertiary eigenvectors of the diffusion tensor (DT) measured with DT-MRI correspond to the fiber, sheet, and sheet normal directions, respectively, we compared DT-MRI data with the texture visible in the cut face of fresh bovine myocardium. MATERIALS AND METHODS DT-MRI and optical images(More)
The mechanism of ventricular thickening in normal humans was investigated using in vivo MRI. The hypothesis that myocardial laminar sheets contribute to ventricular thickening predominantly via sheet shear and sheet extension, as previously found invasively in canine studies at particular ventricular sites, was tested. In normal human subjects, registered(More)
Focused ultrasound combined with an intravascular ultrasound contrast agent can induce transient disruption of the blood-brain barrier, and the blood-brain barrier disruption can be detected by contrast-enhanced MRI. There is, however, no study investigating the ability of various MR methods to detect focused ultrasound-induced blood-brain barrier(More)
Techniques capable of assessing microstructure length scale are potentially useful in probing the integrity of biologic tissue at the microscopic level. Although the magnetic resonance (MR) diffusion-diffraction technique has been proposed for years, its realization in an undissected brain has not been reported on. In this study, validation of this method(More)
In response to Catani et al., we show that corticospinal pathways adhere via sharp turns to two local grid orientations; that our studies have three times the diffusion resolution of those compared; and that the noted technical concerns, including crossing angles, do not challenge the evidence of mathematically specific geometric structure. Thus, the(More)