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Electron microscopic examination of chromatin from embryonic nuclei of Oncopeltus fasciatus and Drosophila melanogaster reveals arrays of chromatin associated fibers. The lengths and spacings of these fibers were analyzed to provide a basis for defining and interpreting regions of transcriptionally active chromatin. The results of the analysis are(More)
We have used an electron microscopic analysis to define and to characterize active transcription units of Drosophila melanogaster. The lengths and spacings of nascent ribonuclear protein (RNP) fibers were determined on embryonic chromatin that was spread using techniques introduced by Miller and Beatty (1969). The data are consistent with the occurrence of(More)
We describe a method for the localization of ribosomal proteins on electron microscopic spreads of active rRNA genes. The method consists of raising antibodies against Drosophila melanogaster proteins and allowing these antibodies to react with lysates of D. melanogaster egg chambers. The locations of the bound IgGs in the active transcripts are detected(More)
Proteins were extracted from ribosomes and (for the first time) from ribosomal subunits of Drosophila melanogaster embryos. The ribosomal proteins were analyzed by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The electrophoretograms displayed 78 spots for the 80S monomers, 35 spots for the 60S subunits, and 31 spots for the 40S subunits. On the basis(More)
Most of the ribosomal transcription units (rTUs) in Drosophila melanogaster observed by electron microscopy measure about 8 kb; a length which corresponds to the size of the 38S precursor to ribosomal RNA in D. melanogaster. However, interspersed among these rTUs are transcription units that are much longer (up to 14.6 kb) than the 8 kb expected for rTUs.(More)
Ribosomal (r) proteins encoded by polyadenylated RNA were specifically precipitated in vitro from polysomes by using antibodies raised against characterized Drosophila melanogaster r proteins. The immuno-purified mRNA in the polysome complex was used to prepare cDNA with which to probe a D. melanogaster genomic library. Selected recombinant phages were used(More)
Electron microscopic examination of chromatin has indicated that there are two major classes of ribosomal transcription units (rTUs) in Drosophila melanogaster. (a) a standard class which is about 8 kb in length and (b) a longer class (up to 15 kb) which has been hypothesized as having an intron in the 28S region of the gene. On rare occasions, we have(More)
The relatively acidic proteins (group A80) of Drosophila melanogaster ribosomes were separated by ion-exchange chromatography. Fractions containing one or more acidic proteins were combined into thirteen pools. The criterion for the combination was the migration pattern in one-dimensional polyacrylamide gels containing sodium dodecyl sulphate. Five proteins(More)