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Extraocular muscle involvement in orbital disease is most frequently seen as a feature of thyroid orbitopathy (Graves' disease). However, a wide range of other conditions may alter the size, shape, and function of these muscles, with characteristic clinical manifestations or abnormalities visible on orbital imaging. The differential diagnosis of muscle(More)
To investigate whether hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are risk factors for liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), a case-control study of 102 cirrhotic HCC patients, 102 sex-matched and age-matched patients with liver cirrhosis, and 102 matched patients with non-hepatic disease controls was performed. The(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the serological and molecular characteristics of GB virus C/hepatitis G virus (GBV-C/HGV) infection in the hepatitis C virus (HCV)/hepatitis B virus (HBV)-endemic areas in Taiwan. METHODS Sera from 200 residents from Masago, an HCV/HBV-endemic community in Taiwan, and 400 blood donors were tested for GBV-C/HGV RNA by using nested(More)
Independent and interactive effects related to the development of hepatocellular carcinoma were assessed using a community-based case-control study for hepatitis B virus, habitual alcohol drinking, cigarette smoking, peanut consumption and history of hepatocellular carcinoma among the immediate family. All 200 male newly diagnosed hepatocellular carcinoma(More)
BACKGROUND Although cigarette smoking is considered to be the most important cause of lung cancer, smoking behaviour cannot fully explain the epidemiological characteristics of lung cancer in Taiwanese women, who rarely smoke but contract lung cancer relatively often. There are other causes of lung cancer that have produced variability in lung cancer(More)
A health survey of adults aged 30 years or more was carried out in southwest Taiwan to determine the prevalence of gallstones and to study risk factors associated with gallstones. Blood samples were collected and abdominal sonographic examination and anthropometric measurements were performed on a total of 923 people. The 40 gallstone cases detected(More)
Previous studies in Caucasian patients showed treatment of chronic hepatitis C with pegylated interferon/ribavirin was well tolerated, and produced a higher response rate especially in genotype 1 infections. However, it is unknown whether this conclusion can be extrapolated to patients with Chinese ethnic origin. A total of 153 patients with biopsy-proven(More)
To assess whether hepatitis C virus infection was a risk factor for the development of non-alcoholic liver cirrhosis, antibody to hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV; detected by a second generation HCV enzyme immunoassay), hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg; detected by radioimmunoassay) were tested in 150 cirrhotics and 150 sex-matched and age-matched healthy(More)
To assess whether hepatitis B and C virus infection were risk factors for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), antibody to hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV), hepatitis B surface antigen and e antigen (HBsAg and HBeAg) were tested in 150 HCC patients. Another 150 case-control pairs matched individually by sex and age were also enrolled. Univariate analysis(More)
To assess the role of hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) and its interaction with hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) on the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), this case-control study included 361 age- and sex-matched pairs of patients with histologically proven HCC and healthy control subjects. HBsAg, HBeAg and antibody to HBeAg (anti-HBe) were(More)