W. X. Zhang

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AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Hyperglutamatergic activity induced by ischemia is believed to underlie neuronal damage in a variety of neurological disorders, including neuropathic pain. Since ischemia is believed to be a prominent mechanism involved in diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN), we investigated the effect of the glutamate carboxypeptidase II (GCPII, EC #3.4-17.21;(More)
Excitotoxic glutamate release occurs in several neurological disorders. One source is derived from the hydrolysis of the neuropeptide N-acetyl aspartyl glutamate (NAAG) by glutamate carboxypeptidase II (GCPII, also known as NAALADase). Drugs that attenuate glutamate transmission have been shown to relieve neuropathic pain, however side effects have limited(More)
The spontaneously diabetic BB/W-rat has emerged as an important model system for somatic and autonomic diabetic polyneuropathy. In this study we examined visual evoked potentials and the presence of morphometric and structural changes in the optic nerve and the retinal ganglion cells and their afferent axons contained in the retinal nerve fibre layer. A(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS The aim of this study was to evaluate the nature and extent of neuronal loss in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) in diabetic polyneuropathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS We examined 10-month diabetic BioBreeding/Worcester (BB/Wor) rats with respect to DRG ultrastructure and morphometry, sural nerve morphometry, pro- and anti-apoptotic proteins, the(More)
In vivo urinary bladder function was examined in BB rats after 4 and 6 mo of diabetes, and the data were correlated with morphometric changes in the pelvic and hypogastric nerves, which constitute the micturition reflex arc. After controlled bladder distension, diabetic animals revealed irregular bladder contractions at frequencies that were reduced to 33%(More)
Several strategies have been used to generate transgenic birds. The most successful method so far has been the injection of lentiviral vectors into the subgerminal cavity of a newly laid egg. We report here a new, easy and effective way to produce transgenic quails through direct injection of a lentiviral vector, containing an enhanced-green fluorescent(More)
We and others have previously described neuroaxonal dystrophic changes as one of the hallmarks of structural diabetic autonomic polyneuropathy involving sympathetic nerves. In the present study, a systemic search for similar changes was undertaken in the mainly sensory symmetric polyneuropathy of the spontaneously diabetic BB-rat. Changes identical to those(More)
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