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[1] This paper compares seasonal and spatial variations of Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) albedos with those from the Common Land Model (CLM) by land cover type. MODIS albedo data in the year 2001 were used to determine seasonal, spatial, and land cover dependence at 1 km resolution and to investigate the biases in CLM. Albedo(More)
The thermo-sensititve genic male-sterile (TGMS) gene in rice can alter fertility in response to temperature and is useful in the two-line system of hybrid rice production. However, little is known about the TGMS gene at the molecular level. The objective of this study was to identify molecular markers tightly linked with the TGMS gene and to map the gene(More)
In this research we established a particular vector-free and marker-free plant transformation system of maize to overcome the obstacles of biosafety limits. The BADH gene was introduced into maize by pollen-tube pathway, using the principle of minimum linear length of the transformation element, which was composed of only the BADH gene, expression(More)
Tobacco leaf discs were transformed with a plasmid pBIBnNHX1, containing the selectable marker neomycin phosphotransferase gene (nptII) and Na+/H+ vacuolar antiporter gene from Brassica napus (BnNHX1), via Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation. Thirty-two independent transgenic plants were regenerated. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and(More)
[1] This paper compares by land cover type seasonal and spatial variations of MODIS leaf area index (LAI) and fraction of photosynthetically active radiation (0.4–0.7 mm) absorbed by vegetation (FPAR) from 2.5 years with those from the Common Land Model (CLM) and investigates possible reasons for notable differences. The FPAR value is mainly determined by(More)
We report on the improved technique upon a water bath lithotripter. With a simple water balloon device added to the Chinese KDE-1 Type water bath lithotripter, an extracorporeal shock wave dry lithotripter has been developed. From June to December 1988, there were 300 cases of upper urinary tract calculi and gallbladder stone treated with this machine with(More)
Product unit neural networks with exponential weights (PUNNs) can provide more powerful internal representation capability than traditional feed-forward neural networks. In this paper, a convergence result of the back-propagation (BP) algorithm for training PUNNs is presented. The monotonicity of the error function in the training iteration process is also(More)
In this study, we have investigated the relevance of peripheral blood inflammatory CD14+CD16+ monocytes phenotype to patients with aseptic loosening (AL). Immunophenotypes of monocytes were examined among patients with AL (n = 43), patients with mechanical loosening (ML, n = 30), patients with stable implant (SI, n = 16), and patients with osteoarthritis(More)
In order to observe the effects of nicotine on protein expression in rat vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs), nicotine treated SMCs were studied by proteomic technologies combining two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) and peptide mass fingerprinting (PMF). Real-time RT-PCR was used to validate the differentially expressed proteins. We found that 11(More)